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Starting with single-sheet publications in colonial times, newspapers evolved into the leading sources of daily information.
The Oklahoma Historical Society has served as the centralized repository for records dealing with the history of Oklahoma since before statehood. OHS has the largest collection of Oklahoma newspaper titles on microfilm. Titles date from 1819 to the present.
Newspapers on Microfilm
The Newspaper Archives consist of more than 4,400 titles on approximately 33,000 reels of microfilm&ndashof which 28,000 reels were produced in-house. The OHS has the oldest, largest, and most complete collection of newspapers available within the state. All microfilm is available for viewing, free of charge, at the Research Center. If you are interested in viewing newspapers published from 2015 to the present, please contact the Newspaper Department in advance of your visit at 405-522-0868 or [email protected]
OHS materials are non-circulating, and we do not participate in the interlibrary loan program.
The Gateway to Oklahoma History
Select newspapers published before 1923 are available online through The Gateway to Oklahoma History. Visitors can search by keywords, browse, and read issues online for free. We are continually adding to the online collection, so check back often for new issues.
Ethnic, Political, and Religious Newspapers
The Newspaper Archives include many publications pertaining to different ethnicities, religions, cultures, and political groups. Click on the links to browse by topic. All of these publications are available on microfilm some are also online through The Gateway to Oklahoma History.
Obituaries and Death Notices from the Oklahoman
This index includes obituaries published in the Oklahoman, an Oklahoma City newspaper. Copies are available for a $15 express fee.
Genuine Old Newspapers From the Date of Your Choice
Historic Newspapers is the world’s largest private archive in ownership of over 200,000 old newspapers. It is an unparalleled collection of US newspapers. We house well-known titles such as the New York Times, and regional papers from each state, including Sunday papers free of any extra charges that usually apply to Sunday editions. Spanning the last two centuries, anyone can buy old newspapers and gift them to those fascinated by history.
This extensive collection has been assembled due to our network of national and local libraries, government departments, and universities that in years gone by, used to hold a newspaper from every day. Our papers offer an unrivalled insight into the past, giving individuals the resources to find old newspapers from 1920 onward.
The popularity of giving and receiving old newspapers continues to rise as their rarity grows. This in turn further increases both the monetary and sentimental value for the owners. As only genuine originals are held in the archive, once an original newspaper title for a certain date has been sold, it’s unlikely to be replaced. This makes birthday newspapers a fantastic gift, as a newspaper from a person’s birth date provides a fantastic trip down memory lane. We also have many copies of discontinued newspapers, which make extra special gifts since new copies will never be printed again.
Papers from important dates in an individual’s life are eye-opening. We offer a range of carefully selected gifts for all manner of occasions. We make incredible baseball and football history books from our newspapers, whilst our day you were born gifts are unique treasures to take anyone on a nostalgic trip back to the past.
Emergence of the Internet
But if television represented a body blow to the newspaper industry, the internet may prove to be the final nail in the coffin. With the emergence of the internet in the 1990s, vast amounts of information were suddenly free for the taking. Most newspapers, not wanting to be left behind, started websites in which they essentially gave away their most valuable commodity—their content—for free. This model continues to be the predominant one in use today.
Many analysts now believe this was a fatal mistake. Once loyal newspaper readers realized that if they could conveniently access news online for free, there seemed to be little reason to pay for a newspaper subscription.
Swedish American Newspapers
Hundreds of Swedish-language newspapers were published in the United States from 1850 onward, catering to America's Swedish immigrant communities. Over 300,000 digitized newspaper pages from 32 different Swedish American newspaper titles published across the United States between 1857 and 2007 are now available online through this bilingual web resource. Search, view, and read the newspapers, and learn more about Swedish America through essays, photographs and recommendations for further reading.
1. Robert F Karolevitz, Newspapering in the Old West: A Pictorial History of Journalism and Printing on the Frontier (Seattle: Superior Publishing, 1965), 173-79 Lewis A. Pryor, “The ‘Adin Argus’: The End of the Hand Press Era of Country Weeklies,” Pacific Historian 17, no. 1 (January, 1973): 6 Marion Marzolf, Marion, Up From the Footnote: a History of Women Journalists (New York: Hastings House, 1977), 12 Milton W. Hamilton, The Country Printer: New York State, 1785-1830 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1936), 71 Patricia Okker, Our Sister Editors: Sarah J. Hale and the Tradition of Nineteenth Century American Women Editors (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995), 7 Clarence S. Brigham, Journals and Journeymen: A Contribution to the History of Early American Newspapers (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1950), 71, 78.
2. Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: the Transformation of America, 1815-1848 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), 847 “A Staunch Foe of Slavery” [Obituary for Jane Grey Swisshelm],” New York Times, 23 July, 1884, p. 1 Sylvia D. Hoffert, Jane Grey Swisshelm: An Unconventional Life, 1815-1884 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004), 3.
3. Hoffert writes that Swisshelm was also published in the Atlanta Constitution, the Washington Evening Star, the Boston Commonwealth, the Lily, the Liberator, the Kaleidoscope, the Ohio Cultivator, and the New England Farmer, in Jane Grey Swisshelm, 191.
4. Madelon Golden Schilpp and Sharon M. Murphy identify at least three other “great” newspaperwomen of this period: Anne Newport Royall, Cornelia Walter, and Jane Cunningham Croly. Great Women of the Press (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1983), 21-36, 62-73, 85-94. Clarence S. Brigham identifies 15 women newspaper publishers working between 1800 and 1820 in Journals and Journeymen, 73.
5. Attribution by Brigham in Journals and Journeymen, 73.
6. Ralph Green, “Early American Power Printing Presses,” Studies in Bibliography 4 (1951-1952): 145.
7. Frank Luther Mott, American Journalism: A History, 1690-1960, 3d ed. (New York: MacMillan, 1962), 294-95.
8. Fred F. Endres, “‘We Want Money and Must Have It’: Profile of an Ohio Weekly, 1841-1847,” Journalism History 7, no. 2 (Summer, 1980): 69.
9. Scott Derks and Tony Smith, The Value of a Dollar: Colonial Era to the Civil War, 1600-1865 (Millerton, N.Y.: Grey House, 2005), 307.
10. Frankie Hutton, The Early Black Press in America, 1827 to 1860 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993), ix.
11. Martin E. Dann, The Black Press, 1827-1890: The Quest for National Identity (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1971), 16, 33.
12. Hutton, The Early Black Press, x-xiii. The portraits in this section are of: Justin Holland, musician, educated at Oberlin College, fluent in Spanish and English. See David K. Bradford, “Holland, Justin,” in African American National Biography, ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), http://www.oxfordaasc.com/article/opr/t0001/e4897 Alexander Crummell, priest in the Protestant Episcopal Church, orator, educated at Queen’s College, Cambridge. See Benjamin Brawley, Early Negro American Writers (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1935), 299-305 Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield, renowned musician. See Eric Gardner, “Greenfield, Elizabeth Taylor,” in African American National Biography, http://www.oxfordaasc.com/article/opr/t0001/e0231 Sarah Parker Remond, abolitionist, physician, educated at Bedford College for Ladies in London. See Karen Jean Hunt, “Remond, Sarah Parker,” in African American National Biography, http://www.oxfordaasc.com/article/opr/t0001/e0481 and Edward James Roye, son of an affluent merchant, educated at Oberlin college, became an advocate for black emigration to Liberia, and eventually served as that country’s fifth president. See Peter J. Duignan, “Roye, Edward James,” in African American National Biography, http://www.oxfordaasc.com/article/opr/t0001/e1186.
13. James P. Danky, and Maureen E. Hady, African American Newspapers and Periodicals: A National Bibliography (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998), xxxi.
14. Hutton, The Early Black Press, ix-xvii.
15. Danky and Hady, African American Newspapers, xxxi Hutton, The Early Black Press, xiv.
16. Handwritten newspapers were unusual, but not completely unheard of. See Roy Alden Atwood, “Handwritten Newspapers on the Iowa Frontier,” Journalism History 7 (1980): 56-67 and Warren J. Brier, “The ‘Flumgudgeon Gazette and Bumble Bee Budget’,” Journalism Quarterly 36 (1959): 317-320.
17. Daniel F. Littlefield, and James W. Parins, American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984), xii James P. Danky, and Maureen E. Hady, Native American Periodicals and Newspapers, 1828-1982: Bibliography, Publishing Record, and Holdings (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984), xv.
18. The number depends on how one distinguishes between a newspaper and a periodical (e.g. magazine). Littlefield and Parins, American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers, 425-26 Danky and Hady, Native American Periodicals, xv.
Faster, Cheaper, Better Connected
“News” also depends on novelty or the immediate reporting of events. Hence, many newspapers are named to emphasize the rapidity of getting to market, including references to their means of transmission (e.g. The Herald, The Post, The Mercury, The Telegraph). The advent of railways in the 1830s rapidly sped up how information could be gathered as well as disseminated. Railways were shortly followed in the 1840s by telegraph wires which often ran alongside the tracks. Together, railways and telegraphs represented to many the “annihilation of space and time,” seemingly collapsing distant points to ready access. Telegraphic cables would soon expand their reach over land and water, with the first transatlantic cable laid in 1858 (it broke) and then permanently in 1866.
(”Landing the transatlantic cable in Heart's Content Bay.” Robert Charles Dudley. Library and Archives Canada, C-066507. 1866.)
Telegraphy also changed the ways news had been conveyed and shared. Newspapers always relied on each other as sources of news. These relationships could be formal partnerships, as in exchange networks between editors, sharing their papers and reprinting news they could be commercial services, as in centralized news agencies like Reuters, Havas, and the Associated Press or they could be quite informal, a practice of “scissors and paste” journalism with widespread copying, sometimes credited, sometimes not. Scholars have been interested how these news networks functioned, considering how news was disseminated from metropolitan centers, how the liveliness of a provincial press uniquely sustained itself, how paragraphs and snippets and reports circulated internationally.
Designs of steam-powered printing presses changed over the century from the initial model of the “reciprocating” press, in which the printing bed moved back and forth, to “cylindrical” presses which allowed the paper to move in a single direction, speeding up the process. The “stereotype” process let entire pages of composed type be copied, either by an electrotype chemical bath, or by laying over paper maché to make a mold for casting another type form. Because the paper maché mold (the “flong”) was flexible, it could be used to mold type metal into a cylindrical printing surface, giving rise to the “rotary” press.
(Paper maché flong on a type form. “Herstellen einer Mater (Stereotypie).” Roger and Renata Rossing. Deutsche Fotothek, 1953.)
Browse by State then Browse by City then Browse by Title
Search options include “All of the Words” or “Exact Phrase” or “Any of the Words”
Can also limit search “Between” “On” “Before” or “After" a specific date or set of dates.
The Library of Congress has archived over 3,000 different U.S. historical newspapers from 1789 to 1963
Advanced Search allows searching of a specific newspaper.
Advanced Search can be focused by date/year, by Front page or specific page, and language.
Advanced Search can be focused by looking for “Any” one of multiple words entered, “All” of the words entered, a specific “Phrase”.
Advanced Search will also allow you to search for sentences that contain two words that are within a specified number of words of each other.
Browse papers by choosing “All Digitized Newspapers” option and then limiting by state or ethnicity or language.
Thousands of U.S. and international newspapers from 1738 to 2009
Though the archive can be searched with a basic Google search - it can’t be limited by date.
Hoosier State Chronicles: Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program
Hoosier State Chronicles is operated by the Indiana State Library and funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act. We seek to provide free, online access to high quality digital images of Indiana's historic newspapers by digitizing our collection, and assisting other organizations in making their collections digitally available. Follow our blog to learn more about Hoosier State Chronicles, and read posts about yesteryear's news.
This online resource originated with grant funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities that enabled us, in partnership with the Indiana Historical Society, to digitize Indiana newspapers for the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). The Indiana titles digitized through NDNP are also available at the Library of Congress's Chronicling America, along with over 8 million newspaper pages from around the United States. You can find additional digitized Indiana newspapers in Indiana Memory and also listed on our blog.
The Indiana State Library Newspaper Division has the largest collection of Indiana newspapers either in print, microfilm or digital format. For an overview of the available resources for Indiana newspaper research visit their website.
In 1877 Francis Wayland Ayer opened N.W. Ayer & Son (named after his father) in Philadelphia with $250 and implemented the first commission system based on "open contracts." His clients included Montgomery Ward, John Wanamaker Department Stores, Singer Sewing Machines and Pond's Beauty Cream. In 1882, Procter & Gamble Co. began advertising Ivory soap with an unprecedented budget of $11,000. In 1898, N.W. Ayer helped National Biscuit Co. to launch the first prepackaged biscuit, Uneeda, with newspaper advertising's very first slogan "Lest you forget, we say it yet, Uneeda Biscuit." Eventually, the company launched the first million-dollar advertising campaign for Uneeda. From the 1900s until present day companies have relied on newspaper marketing to sell their products. Brand names such as Campbell’s Soup, Kelloggs, Pepsi Cola, and Coca-Cola all have maintained advertising in newspapers for over 100 years.
With such a rich and long history of advertising in newspapers there is a proven track record of customers responding to these advertisements in a positive way. As long as newspapers are in print there will be advertisements in them–newspapers depend on the advertiser to purchase space to help the newspaper curb costs of distribution. Newspapers and advertisers work hand in hand to get the news out to the customers.