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George Howard Brett, 1886-1963

George Howard Brett, 1886-1963


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George Howard Brett, 1886-1963

George Howard Brett (1886-1963) was a senior USAAF officer who was on a tour of the Middle East and China at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, and in the aftermath took command of all American forces in Australia in December 1941, holding that post through some of the disastrous early fighting in the Pacific.

Brett graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1909 with a degree in engineering. In 1910 he joined the Philippine Scouts as a second lieutenant, and in the following year received a regular army commission in the cavalry. In 1916 he learnt to fly, but was then assigned to the office of the chief signal officer. Much of his career would be spent in logistical and administrative positions. In 1917 he went to France where he was in charge of purchasing and supplying all aviation related items for the air wing of the American Expeditionary Force. During the First World War he served in France, Washington, London and then France again, but always in logistic posts, and it was his ability in this field that saw he reach brigadier general in 1938.

On 1 October 1940 Brett was appointed as acting chief of the Army Air Corps, under 'Hap' Arnold. This appointment was made permanent in May 1941, the month before Arnold became the Chief of the Army Air Force, a new organisation that had authority over both wings of Army Aviation – Brett's Army Air Corps, which had responsibility for material procurement, personnel and training, and the Air Force Combat Command.

On 31 August 1941 Brett left the United States for Cairo on one of two survey flights made by B-24s of Ferrying Command to investigate the possibility of creating a regular air-route to Cairo across the South Atlantic. Brett's task was to visit Cairo and then Britain to examine the problems the RAF faced in maintaining American aircraft provided under lend-lease. While in Cairo Brett decided that a force of B-24s should be diverted from Britain to the Middle East, where he believed they would be able to attack the Germans in southern Europe and in the desert. On his arrival in London he gained approval for this idea, and on 17 October a tentative agreement was made to divert 16 B-24s to the Middle East.

Brett completed his main task during October and submitted his report at the end of the month. Brett made four main suggestions. 1 - the AAF to set up mobile repair depots manned by civilians to service American aircraft being used by the RAF. 2 - the to AAF take over existing British facilities already involved in the repair of American equipment and prepare to expand them. 3 – the construction of a third echelon maintenance base at Langford Lodge, to provide repairs too complex for local services. 4 – if the AAF began to operate its own units from Britain then it should take over all third echelon maintenance of American built aircraft along with the supply of spare parts.

A shortage of personnel meant that General Arnold was unwilling to approve the 1st, 2nd or 4th of these points, but work began on building the maintenance base at Langford Lodge, and on 1 May 1942 Lockheed were given a contract to operate the new base. Brett also found a suitable site for a second depot, at Warton twenty-five miles to the north of Liverpool.

Brett's travels continued for the rest of 1941. He visited Moscow with Averell Harriman, and then began a tour of the Middle East, India and China that brought him to Chungking on 22 December, where he discussed the use of heavy bombers from China with Chiang Kai-Shek.

This journey overlapped with the attack on Pearl Harbor and the US entry into the war. Brett was appointed to command US Forces in Australia (soon renamed as US Army Forces in Australia, or USAFIA), and made his way by air from China to Australia, visiting General Wavell in India and the Dutch authorities in the Dutch East Indies on the way. He reached Australia on 31 December.

On his arrival in Australia Brett reported that he would be unable to carry out many tactical air operations until a large air base at Darwin and a supply and repair depot at Townsville had been set up. On 3 January 1942 he met with the Australian chiefs of staff and informed them of the general strategy he had agreed with Wavell. It was already clear that neither man believed that the Philippines could be saved, and any Allied counterattacks would have to come from Burma, the Dutch East Indies, Malaya or Australia. Brett also ordered two ships that had been dispatched to the Philippines to unload their troops at Darwin instead.

For the moment the focus of Allied efforts moved north from Australia into the short-lived American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, under General Wavell. On 7 January Brett was promoted to Lieutenant General, and in the second week of January he flew to Java for a conference with Wavell. Brett was appointed his deputy commander, with power over the operation direction of all Allied air forces and responsibility for the air supply routes from Australia and India.

By mid February it was clear that Java would soon fall to the Japanese. Brett believed that India and Burma were the keys to the Allied position, and on 18 February he informed the War Department that the best way to attack Japan would be an offensive through China. With this in mind he decided to send most American infantry and fighter aircraft in the ABDA area west to India. General Brereton was sent on to India, while on 23 February Brett flew to Melbourne for what he believed would be a short visit (on the same day Wavell was ordered to leave Java).

The Combined Chiefs of Staff Committee approved Brett's decision to send Brereton to India, but decided that the main American effort in the area would be based in Australia. Brett was ordered to remain there as commander of USAFIA, at least until General MacArthur arrived, and on 23 February he was appointed commander of the new Fifth Air Force, a post he would hold until 4 August.

Brett's aircraft had carried MacArthur, his family and his staff on the last stage of their journey from the Philippines to Australia – a flight of 1,500 miles from Del Monte Island. Once in Australia MacArthur became commander of the South West Pacific Area, and on 18 April Brett was appointed as his Commander of Allied Air Forces. During this period Brett attempted to increase the flexibility of his limited air forces by making the squadron rather than the group the main tactical unit, and by creating flexible headquarters in each defensive area, each capable of handling any variety of squadrons, and ready to leapfrog forward when the Allies returned to the advance.

Brett was soon replaced as Commander, Allied Air Forces. He can hardly have endeared himself to MacArthur when he diverted ships from the Philippines, and very few of MacArthur's original command team in Australia remained in their posts for long. The Japanese landings at Buna added to MacArthur's discontent. Despite some accurate intelligence and ten hours advance waning the only aircraft that had reached Buna at the crucial moment had been five B-26s. On 4 August Brett was replaced by Major General George C. Kenney, who had arrived in Australian on 28 July, having been appointed on 13 July. Brett was also replaced as commander of the Fifth Air Force.

Brett was only unemployed for a few months. In November 1942 General Frank Andrews went from the Caribbean to command the US Army Forces, Middle East. On 4 November Brett was appointed as commander of Caribbean Defense Command, a post he held until the end of the war.


BRETT, George Howard

(b. 15 May 1953 in Glen Dale, West Virginia), baseball player who was one of the best-hitting third basemen in history he is noted for his performance in clutch situations and his .390 batting average in 1980, the most serious assault in the last half of the twentieth century on the 1941 record of .400.

Brett is the son of Jack Francis Brett, an accountant, and Ethel Hansen, a secretary. He grew up in a competitive, athletic family with three older brothers, all of whom played sports professionally. His brother Ken was a journeyman pitcher for several major league teams.

A shortstop at El Segundo (California) High School, Brett was the second draft pick of the Kansas City Royals in 1971. He switched to third base in the minors, where he had solid though unexceptional seasons, never batting higher than .291. Brett was not happy about being drafted by an expansion team, but he moved up quickly. By 1974 he was a regular with the major league Royals.

The young Brett was far from being a star when Charley Lau, the Royals batting coach, challenged him to become a better hitter. During hours of practice, Lau transformed Brett's technique. Coach and player formed a close bond Brett described Lau as "a second dad." From his teammate Hal McRae, Brett learned an aggressive, take-no-prisoners style of play.

Brett and the Royals improved quickly. In 1976 the team won the American League (AL) West, while Brett and McRae fought to the final game for the batting title. In his last at bat of the season, Brett hit a routine fly that dropped for a hit. He ended up with an inside-the-park home run and the batting championship. McRae, a black player, angrily charged that the ball should have been caught, hinting that the fielder wanted Brett, a white player, to win. Brett agreed that the ball was catchable, declaring, "I got a present." Notwithstanding the controversy, Brett had clearly established himself, at age twenty-three, as one of the premier hitters in baseball, leading the league in hits, total bases, and triples. His six consecutive three-hit games was a major league record.

The Royals faced the New York Yankees in the AL playoff. Brett hit a three-run homer to tie the deciding game in the eighth inning, but the Yankees scored once more to win the pennant. It was the beginning of a heated rivalry. The Royals faced the Yankees again in 1977 and 1978, losing both times. Brett was plagued by multiple injuries early in 1980 but seemed unstoppable when he came off the disabled list in July. His average climbed throughout the summer, reaching .407 in late August, raising hopes that he would become the first to hit .400 since Ted Williams in 1941. He did not succeed, but his .390 average was surpassed only by Williams in the last sixty years of the twentieth century. Brett drove in 118 runs in his 117 games, the first player in over thirty years to have more RBI (runs batted in) than games played. He won the league's Most Valuable Player (MVP) award. Though an exceptional season, 1980 was emblematic of Brett's career—stretches of greatness interrupted by injury. No regular player had ever won MVP while missing so many games. Kansas City met New York in the league championship series for the fourth time in five years. Brett's three-run homer off of Richard "Goose" Gossage won the decisive game, giving the Royals their first pennant. They were defeated by the Philadelphia Phillies 4–2 in the World Series.

New York and Kansas City were again contenders on 24 July 1983, when, with two outs in the ninth inning, Brett hit a two-run home run off of Gossage at Yankee Stadium. While the Royals celebrated a possible game-winning homer, the Yankees protested that Brett's bat had more pine tar than the allowable eighteen inches above the handle. The umpires agreed and called Brett out. He charged the home plate umpire in uncontrolled fury and had to be restrained. "I don't remember any of it," he later observed. "It's probably the one time in my life where I got so mad, everything just blanked out." Thanks to countless television replays, Brett's tirade became the shout heard round the world. American League president Lee MacPhail later overruled the umpires and reinstated Brett's home run. The angry reaction of Yankee owner George Steinbrenner added to the theatricality of the event. Relatively insignificant in baseball terms, the "Pine Tar" home run, which set no records and decided no championships, became one of the most famous homers in baseball history.

Brett had his finest overall season in 1985, leading the league in slugging and batting .335, the second highest average of his career. Once an erratic fielder, he won the Gold Glove as the AL's best-fielding third baseman. The Royals captured their division again but lost the first two games of the league playoff series to the favored Toronto Blue Jays. In the next contest, Brett seemed to will his team to victory, going four for four with two home runs. He stopped a Toronto rally with a brilliant defensive play. Kansas City went on to the World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games.

By 1990 Brett's best years appeared behind him. Struggling at the plate, he was hitting only .256 as July began. But, rekindling memories of 1980, he hit .388 in the second half of the season after the All-Star game, and captured his third batting title. He thus became the first player to win championships in three different decades. Though partly an accident of the calendar (his span of titles could have easily fit in two decades), it was a notable achievement. Winning multiple championships over a fourteen-year period was a feat matched by Stan Musial and exceeded only by Ted Williams. Only Williams and Honus Wagner were older batting champions than the thirty-seven-year-old Brett.

Brett married Leslie Davenport on 15 February 1992. They had three sons. After retiring in 1993 Brett became a vice president of baseball operations for the Royals. He and his brothers made an unsuccessful attempt to buy the team after the death of longtime owner Ewing Kaufmann.

In his twenty-one-year career, Brett recorded 3,154 hits, 317 home runs, and 665 doubles, the fifth highest number in history. The totals could have been higher had injuries not caused him to miss over 400 games, the equivalent of two and a half seasons.

In an era of free agency, Brett was an anomaly, spending his entire career with one organization. Although he played in one of baseball's smallest markets, his playoff battles with the Yankees, his pursuit of the .400 batting record, and the Pine Tar incident kept him in the national limelight. He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1999.

George Brett with Steve Cameron, George Brett: From Here to Cooperstown (1999), offers many pictures and limited text. Brett has written a brief account of his relationship with Charley Lau in the foreword to Charley Lau, Jr., Charley Lau's Laws on Hitting (2000). Steve Cameron's George Brett: Last of a Breed (1993), is an uncritical account. Two invaluable sources for watching Brett's career unfold are Number 5: George Brett and the Kansas City Royals (1993), and George Brett: A Royal Hero (1999), overlapping collections of articles first published in the Kansas City Star. For a Yankee perspective on the Kansas City/New York rivalry, including the Pine Tar incident, consult Richard "Goose" Gossage, The Goose Is Loose (2000).


Brett History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestral home of the Brett family is in the German state of Bavaria. The name Brett is an occupational hereditary surname, a type of surname that was taken from a word describing or common to the profession of the original bearer. It is a name for a carpenter or a person who worked making shelves and other wooden objects. The name Brett was originally derived from the Old Germanic word Brett, which means carpenter. It was given to a person who ran a sawmill or a lumber merchant. By the Middle Ages, the Brett family had been elevated to the ranks of the nobility and had become extremely involved in the local social, economic and political affairs of Bavaria. It acquired a prestigious reputation for its contribution to the development of the district. The social status and prestige of the Brett family was increased when it expanded and acquired distant estates in other areas of Germany.

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Early Origins of the Brett family

The surname Brett was first found in Bavaria, where the name could be considered to have made an early contribution to the feudal society which became the backbone of early development of Europe. There is record of a Sydel Bretsnyder in 1372 in Liegnitz and a Peter Bretsnyder in Breslau in 1397.

Jakob Bretschneider is listed as living in Dippoldiswalde in 1499 in a document called "Die Matrikel des Hochstifts Merseburg" which chronicles Germanic surnames. The name became prominent in local affairs and branched into many houses which played important roles in the savage tribal and national conflicts, each group seeking power and status in an ever-changing territorial profile. Bret or Brett are short forms of the name Brettschneider, a name meaning a person running a sawmill or a lumber merchant.

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Early History of the Brett family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brett research. Another 71 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1880, 1844, 1776 and 1848 are included under the topic Early Brett History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Brett Spelling Variations

One can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames: in early times, spelling in general, and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized and later, spellings would change with branching and movement of families. Variations of the name Brett include Bret, Brett, Brette, Bretsch, Brettschneider, Bretsnyder, Brettschnyder and many more.

Early Notables of the Brett family (pre 1700)

Prominent among members of the name Brett in this period include Friedrich Wilhelm Bretschneider, a lieutenant field-marshal in the Austrian army and at one time the commandant of the Italian city.
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brett Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brett migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Brett Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Isabel Brett, who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • James Brett, who settled in Barbados in 1635
  • Alex Brett, who settled in Virginia in 1638
  • Alex Brett, who landed in Virginia in 1638 [1]
  • William Brett, who landed in New England in 1645 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Brett Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Susanna Brett, who arrived in Virginia in 1711 [1]
  • John Brett, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [1]
  • Timothy Brett, who arrived in Virginia in 1719 [1]
  • Matthias Brett, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1766 [1]
Brett Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert R Brett, aged 53, who landed in New York in 1806 [1]
  • Edmund Brett, aged 37, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Richard Brett, who landed in New York, NY in 1817 [1]
  • R S Brett, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [1]
  • Martin Brett, aged 18, who landed in New York in 1854 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Brett migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Brett Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Hanah Brett, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • James Brett, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Margaret Brett, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Peter Brett, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Phoebe Brett, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Brett Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Miss. Bridget Brett, aged 4 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "John Bolton" departing 13th April 1847 from Liverpool, England the ship arrived on 10th June 1847 but she died on board [2]
  • Mr. Edward Brett, aged 11 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "John Bolton" departing 13th April 1847 from Liverpool, England the ship arrived on 10th June 1847 but he died on board [2]
  • Miss. Mary Brett, aged 3 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Jane Avery" departing 9th May 1847 from Dublin, Ireland the ship arrived on 25th June 1847 but she died on board [2]

Brett migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brett Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Brett, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[3]
  • William Arthur Brett, English convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia[4]
  • Mr. Thomas Brett, (b. 1809), aged 28, Irish solider born in Kilkenny who was convicted in Corfu for 7 years for Insubordination, transported aboard the "Charles Kerr" on 6th June 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Miss. Mary Ann Brett, British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 9th March 1847, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [6]
  • Cass Brett, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Susannah" in 1849 [7]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Brett migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:


Contents

The following are the aviator members: [3]

A Edit

    (1891–1983). He was born on March 25, 1891. He built and flew a pusher configuration aircraft in Mineola, New York on Long Island in September 1910. He soloed the aircraft in October 1910. He died in April 1983. [4]
  • Lieutenant Steadham Acker (1896–1952). He was born on March 31, 1896, in Talladega, Alabama, to William H. Acker. He became a Lieutenant in the Naval Air Service from 1918 to 1919. He was the general manager of the Birmingham Municipal Airport and founded the Birmingham Aero Club on January 31, 1932. Acker and Rountree founded and managed the National Air Carnival, an annual Birmingham based airshow. In 1946 he became the director for the National Aviation Clinic in Oklahoma City and ran the Omaha airshow. He died on October 22, 1952, in Jefferson, Alabama, at age 56. (1889–1966) (1885–1951) (1884–1971) ♀ Known as the "maiden flights," Adams set a number of records as a female aviator. She took her first flight in 1914. She flew on the maiden voyage of the Graf Zeppelin and the Hindenburg air ships. She was an Early Bird and a member of the Women's International Association of Aeronautics. [5] (1899–1997) was the penultimate member of the Early Birds of Aviation to die. [1][6] (1887–1964) (1894–1968) (1893–1962) (1886–1954). He was born on December 20, 1886, in Bayonne, New Jersey. He died in 1954. (?–?) (1894–1984) [7] (1894–1974) (1895–1974) (1890–1969) (1895–1967) was the secretary of the Early Birds of Aviation. He was born on December 17, 1895 in Chicago, Illinois. (1887–1972) (1876–1955) (?–1936) (1893–1956)
  • General Henry Harley Arnold (1886–1950) (1897–1988) (1891–1959). His father was John Jacob Astor IV who died in the Titanic disaster (1887–1937) (1883–1967) (1898–1958) (1896–1970), aka Reiny Ausmus (?–1942)

B Edit

    (1887–1972)
  • Lieutenant William Bartlett Bacon (1897–?). He was born on May 27, 1897, in Brookline, Massachusetts. (1890–1958), learned to fly at Newport News, Virginia in 1915. He died at a nursing home in Berkeley, California on August 27, 1958. (1882–1948) (1866–1953) (1893–1942) (?–?)
  • Captain Horatio Claude Barber (1875–1964) (1889–1977) (1893–1986) (1896–1962) (1891–1960) (1896–1967) (1884–1956)
  • Lieutenant Edmond Elkins Bates (1896–1982) (1883–1961) (1892–1969) (1885–1964) (1887–1955) (1888–1943) (1885–1957) (1886–1960) (1897–1976) (1885–1962) (?–1955) (1889–1967) (1886–1967). He was born on December 6, 1886. He died on July 10, 1967, in Goteborg, Sweden. (1872–1936) (?–1952) (1895–1966) (1892–1967). He was born on June 5, 1892. He died in 1967. (1879–1964) (1886–1972) (1893–1983). He was born on September 29, 1893, in Colorado. He died on January 29, 1983, in San Diego, California. He was inducted into the Colorado Aviation Hall of Fame (1895–1951) (1885–1953) (1895–1942) (1889–1981) (?–1950) (1885–1970) (1884–1964) (1894–?) (1885–1943). He was born on November 23, 1885, in Cincinnati, Ohio. He died on October 24, 1943, at Memorial Hospital in Manhattan, New York City. [8] (1887–1950) (1896–1950) (1880–1955) (1890–1967) (1886–1963) (?–?) (1893–1978) ♀ (1885–1964) (1895–1932). [9] (1889–1953). [10] (1891–1975) (1893–1941) (1872–1950) (1883–1954). [11] (?–1945) (1893–1977) (?–1976) of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. (1893–1978) (?–1932) (?–1932) (1880–1954) ♀ (?–1957) (1895–1978) (1899–1986) (1888–1971) (1895–1964) (1892–1970) (1888–1935) (1891–1955)

C Edit

    (1895–1971) (1886–1958) (1893–1986) (1887–1978) (1887–1961) (?–1963) (1896–1970) (?–1957) (1896–1984). He was born on New Year's Day, January 1, 1896. He died on July 9, 1984. [12] (1893–1964) (1888–1965). He was born on February 18, 1888, in Yakima, Washington. He made his first solo flight on October 15, 1909, in a single wing airplane that he designed and constructed. (1879–1954) of the Cessna Aircraft Company (1889–1954) (1878–1939) (1886–1971). He was born on June 4, 1886, in Macon, Georgia to Carleton Burke Chapman (1859-1921) and Flora Smith (1848-1908). He attended the United States Military Academy. He married Martha Drake Womble (1899-1979) in 1924. He died in Fitzgerald, Georgia on November 11, 1971. (1890–1964) (1865–1960). He was born in 1865 in North Carolina. He designed one of the first plane with ailerons. He died at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan, New York of pneumonia on April 14, 1960. He had lived at 600 West 144th Street, New York City. (1884–1968). He was born in Spencer, Iowa on March 31, 1884. He died on Sunday, December 8, 1968, in a Santa Clara, California at the age of 84. (1880–1951). He was born on January 3, 1880, in Brooklyn, New York City. He died on February 12, 1951. He was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. (1894–1976) (1886–1948) (1896–1993). He was born on March 10, 1896, in California. He attended the Curtiss Aviation School in San Diego, California in the spring of 1912. He soloed on June 15, 1912. His certificate was withheld because he was under the minimum age of 18. He died on January 9, 1993, in San Luis Obispo, California at age 96. (1895–1935) of Michigan. (1878–1960) [13] (1891–1956) aka Stewart Andrew Cogswell (1888–1944) (?–1936) of Bridgeport, Connecticut. (1896–1976) (1894–1982) of England (1896–1931) (1889–1971) (1881–1956) (1874–1940) (1890–1955). He was born on June 26, 1890, in New York. He died on March 29, 1955, in North Carolina. (1893–1964) (1881–1939) (?–1966) of Long Island City, New York. (1886–1973) (1871–1947). He was born on January 19, 1871 to Greely Stevenson Curtis Sr. in Boston, Massachusetts. He died in 1947. (1878–1930) (1888–1962)

D Edit

    (?–1964) (1886–1941) (1887–1928). He was born on April 4. 1887 in Iowa. He died in 1928. (1926–1998) --->*dubious, if he was born in 1926, that is ten years after the cutoff for eligibility (1874–1955). (?–1952) (1896–1974) (1884–1955). He was born in Salamanca, New York on December 29, 1884. He died in Pacific Palisades, California on May 26, 1955. (1895–1972). He was born on May 24, 1896, in Paxton, Illinois. He died in 1972. (1886–1951) of Cuba. His father was Antonio Sanche de Bustamente Sr. of Cuba, a judge of the World Court. [14] (1888–1987) (1886–1975) (1878–1964). He was born in Lyon County, Iowa on February 24, 1878. He died in 1964. (1884–1946) (1891–1974) (1892–1948). He was born in Plainfield, New Jersey on May 20, 1892. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage at his home on January 28, 1948. (1889–1962). He was born on February 21, 1889, in Harrison, Michigan, to Mcclennan DeRemer (1866-?). He died in 1962. (1882–?). He was born in Fordyce, Arkansas on February 28, 1882. (1885–1976). He was born on August 7, 1885. He died in 1976. (1858–1935). He was made an honorary member. He was born in 1858 which makes him the oldest of the Early Birds of Aviation. He was one of the founding brothers, along with his brothers Albert Dickinson and Nathan Dickinson, of the Dickinson Seed Company in Chicago, Illinois. At the turn of the century it was one of the largest seed companies in the world. Some of his international flights were used to bring back seeds from foreign countries. (1891–1974) (1887–1959) of the Ralph C. Diggins Company. He was born on March 7, 1887 in Cadillac, Michigan and moved to Chicago, Illinois. He made his first flight in 1912 and was the 26th person in the United States to receive a pilot's license issued by the Aero Club of America. He died in 1959. [15] (?–1954) (1895–1981) (1893–1981), the father of Audouin Dollfus. (1886–1952). He was born in Switzerland in 1886. He became an American citizen in 1937. His Blériot airplane is at the National Air and Space Museum. He was the sixth person to loop the loop. He died in 1952. [16] (1897–1990). He was born on 29 January 1897 in Chicago, Illinois. He died on 27 July 1990 in Monterey, California. (?–1977) (?–1948) (1886–1956) of Guthrie County, Iowa. (1896–1957) (1887–1956). He was born on February 6, 1887 in Carrollton, Illinois. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy and graduated in 1909. In 1933 he attended the University of Paris. He died on January 12, 1956 in Los Angeles, California. (1894–1962). He was the son of Thomas Coleman du Pont. He was a member of the Delaware State Highway Commission from 1922 to 1949 and was appointed commissioner of the Bureau of Public Roads in 1953 and served to 1955. While serving as Commissioner, he recommended a highway program that led to legislation under which the Interstate Highway System was constructed. [17]

E Edit

    (1891–1966) (1888–1969). He was born on August 31, 1888. He died in July of 1969 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in Syracuse, New York. (1884–1973). He was born on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1884 in Philadelphia. first soloed in September 1916 and held Fédération Aéronautique Internationale certificate number 52 as a hydroplane pilot. He died June 2, 1973. [18]
  • Colonel John P. Edgerly (1888–1982). He was born on April 3, 1888 in Vermont. He served in the military starting on November 2, 1911. He died on August 12, 1982. (1895–1968) (1896–1979) (1885–1928) (1888–1975). He was born on August 9, 1888 in Youngstown, Ohio. He soloed on November 9, 1911 at Kinlock Field in St. Louis, Missouri in a Wright Model B. He was Fédération Aéronautique Internationale license number 75. He died on June 20, 1975 in Columbiana, Ohio. [19] (1880–1962) (1879–1978). He was born on May 12, 1879. He died in December of 1978 in Cleveland, Ohio. (1893–1978) (?–1946)
  • Commodore Frithiof Gustaf Ericson (1880–1941) (1881–1957) of France.
  • Captain Jonathan Dickinson Este (1887–1962) of Philadelphia. He was born in 1887 in Philadelphia to Charles Este. He married Lydia Richmond on February 6, 1919 in Washington, DC. [20] (1886–1974) (1884–1960) of Nieder Elbe, Germany.

F Edit

    (1882–1984). One of the longest and last living aviation pioneers dying at 102. (1887–1970). He was born in Lake Forest, Illinois on December 23, 1887. He flew solo on April 2, 1910. He received his B.S. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1911. He died of leukemia on December 29, 1970 at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. (?–1961) (?–1943) (1884–1960) of Ireland.
  • Major Paul Lee Ferron (1888–1956). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on March 2, 1888. He died in 1956. (1896–1978) (1884–1953) (1877–1951) (1889–1962) (1890–1939) (?–1969) of Ford Engineering in Bridgeport, Connecticut. (1892–1968) (1879–1967) , the grandson of the founder of Naipes Heraclio Fournier. (1887–1957). He was born in Liverpool, England in 1887. His parents then moved to New York City. He died in Palm Beach, Florida on January 17, 1957 at the age of 70. (1884–1966) of San Francisco, California (1886–1952) (1890–1979) (1882–1968) (1874–1932). He was born on June 8, 1874 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the father of John F. Freund (1918–2001). He died in 1932 at Memorial Hospital in Manhattan, New York City. (1892–1936) (?–1950) (1883–1945) [21] (1880–1952). He was born June 30, 1880, in Columbus, Ohio. He died on May 17, 1952, in Laguna Beach, California. He was buried in Green Lawn Cemetery in Columbus, Ohio.

G Edit

    (1876–1957) (1888–1949) (1899–1992). [22] (1888–1947) (1890–1932) (1892–1948) (1887–1942) (1876–1965) (1889–1975) (1896–1989) (1889–1948) [23] (1885–1961) (1883–1968) (1891–1945) (1874–1952) (1894–1987) (?–1950) (1896–1968). He was born in New York City on July 2, 1896. He died on Thursday, October 24, 1968 in Riverside, New Jersey. (1882–1956) (?–1976) (1872–1952) was a dentist. (1895–1973). He was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on September 29, 1895. He died on March 11, 1973. (1888–1953) (1898–1998). He was the last member of the Early Birds of Aviation to die. [1] (?–1951).

H Edit

    (1877–1963) was the first paid airmail pilot. [24] He was born on February 10, 1877, to Alfred Hadley and Keziah K. Overman. He married Nellie M. Callahan on October 21, 1902. He died on June 10, 1963, at Reading Hospital and Medical Center in Reading, Pennsylvania at age 87. [25] (1897–1972)
  • Colonel George Eustace Amyot Hallett (1890–1982). He and John Cyril Porte planned to make the first transatlantic flight. They were going to use a flying boat commissioned by Rodman Wanamaker, but were prevented by the start of World War I. (1891–1955) of Canada. He was born on June 21, 1891, in Canada. He died on January 27, 1955, in Los Angeles, California. (1894–1969) of the Hamilton Standard Company. (1890–1932) (1889–1979)
  • Major General Thomas J. Hanley Jr. (1893–1969)
  • Lieutenant General Millard Harmon (1888–1945) was in the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaign in World War II. He died on March 3, 1945. (?–?) (1893–1967). ♀ (1888–1970). He died on October 19, 1970. (1888–1945) (1893–1974) (1879–1955). He was born on December 6, 1879 in of Mason City, Iowa. In 1912 he flew his Curtiss-type biplane from the prairie between Mason City, Iowa and Clear Lake, Iowa. He died on May 21, 1955 in Los Angeles, California. (?–1955) (1890–1969)
  • Commander Willis Bradley Haviland (1890–1944) (1864–1938) (1887–1976) (1888–1931) (1895–1984)
  • Major Leo Gerald Heffernan (1889–1956) (1896–1972). He was born in Oil City, Pennsylvania on August 3, 1896. He died on June 9, 1972. (1889–1974) (1887–1958). He was born on April 18, 1887. (1878–1953) (?–1953) (?–1968) (1879–1959), aka Wild Bill Heth. (?–1962) (1894–1953). He was born in Philadelphia on July 2, 1894. He died in 1953. [26] (1890–1970). He was born on January 26, 1890 in Springfield, Illinois. He died in Ashland, Illinois on August 11, 1970, three weeks after his appendix ruptured. (1890–1963). He was born in 1890. He died in Miami, Florida on October 31, 1963. (1894–1983) , the father of Stanley Hiller Jr. (1924–2006) (1876–1967). He was born on May 22, 1876. (1896–1980) (1895–1981). He was born on February 26, 1895. He died on May 25, 1981 at age 86. (1886–1964) (1892–1980) (1887–1981) (1891–1958). He was born on March 11, 1891 in Fairmount, Indiana. He died on June 16, 1958. (?–1964). (1896–1975). He was born on August 18, 1896, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to John Peter Hummel. He died on May 26, 1975, in Richmond, Virginia. (1883–1941) (1885–1968) (1886–1975)

I, J Edit

    (1895–1966) (1892–1984) (?–1957) of Staten Island, New York City. (1881–1942) (?–?)
  • Major General Davenport Johnson (1890–1963) (1885–1949) (?–1961). On February 12, 1910 he became the first native Californian to own and fly an airplane. (1885–?). He was born July 19, 1885 in Helena, Arkansas to Belle T. and James B. Johnson. He married Cornelia Spencer on June 25, 1912. (?–1963) (1891–1959). He was born in 1891. He was awarded Fédération Aéronautique Internationale certificate number 205 in 1913. He died in St. Louis, Missouri on November 5, 1959. [27] (?–1983) (1889–1961) (?–1950) (1888–1959) (1882–1955) (1890–1973) (1896–1967)

K Edit

    (1885–1944). He was born on August 18, 1885 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to Paul Peter Kabitzke. He married Roxie Rockcastle. He died on August 15, 1944 in Elgin, Illinois (1893–1960) (1886–1973) (1883–1966). He was born on April 11, 1883 in Nyagy Kikinda, Hungary. He became a United States citizen in 1908. He received Fédération Aéronautique Internationale license number 261 on August 12, 1913. He married Ida Brandenburg on June 27, 1917 in Chicago, Illinois. He died in 1966 in Bradenton, Florida. [28] (1891–1986) (1885–1974). He was born on July 29, 1885 in St. Joseph, Michigan. He died on May 7, 1974 in Topanga, California. (1886–1967). He was born on 5 June 5, 1886. He died on December 30, 1967 and was buried in Tennessee. (?–?) (?–1978) (?–1965) (1888–1940) (1896–1977) (1863–1940). [29] (1887–1969). He was born on August 13, 1887 at Grafton, West Virginia. He died October 21, 1969 in Middletown, New Jersey. (1887–1968) (1871–1944) (?–1976) (1874–1941) (?–1934) (1875–1960) (1893–1957) of Kansas City, Missouri (?–1960) of Germany. (1894–1970). He was born on August 27, 1894. He died on April 29, 1970 in Los Angeles. (1881–1941) (1888–1980). He was born on March 2, 1888 in Montra, Ohio and had an aviator brother, Milton Homer Korn (1889–1913) who died in an airplane crash. Edward died in September 17, 1980 in Sea Girt, New Jersey. He was buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Lansing, Michigan. (1889–1978) (?–1952)

L Edit

    (1886–1941). Czech pioneer aviator. She became first woman licensed by the Austrian Aero Club and second woman licensed by Germany. (1890–1953) (1877–1963) (1896–1982). He put the first commercial aircraft into production at his E. M. Laird Aviation Company. (1886–1956) (1875–1946)
  • Corporal William Antony Lamkey (?–1963). He died on January 7, 1963 at the Veterans Hospital, in West Los Angeles, California. (1888–1956) (?–1961) (1887–1970) ♀ (1893–1963). He was born on March 11, 1893 in New York City. He attended North Carolina University. By 1930 he was living in Hempstead, New York. He died on July 1, 1963. (1894–1983) (1892–1994) (1886–1973) (1887–1957) (1892–1965) (1885–1968) aka Willie Lenert of Michigan (1889–1965) (1892–1965) (1886–1946) (1879–1980) (1882–1965). He migrated from Germany to New Jersey. (1889–1969) (1888–1976) (1882–1950) (?–1953) (1873–1955)

M Edit

  • Colonel Theodore Charles Macaulay (1887–1965). He was born on September 30, 1887, in Minnesota. He died on April 19, 1965, in San Diego, California. He was buried in Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery. (1889–1938) ✝. He died in an aircrash. (1884–1953) (1881–1943) (1881–1958) (?–1963) (1875–1944). He was the 11th licensed pilot in the United States. (?–?). He was an airmail pilot. (1886–1955)
  • Colonel Harold S. Martin (1892–1961) (1885–1956) (1886–1950) of France (?–1960) of Hornell, New York. (1869–1936) (?–?) (?–?) (?–1953)
  • Governor John Alexander Douglas McCurdy (1886–1961) (1891–1960)
  • Lieutenant William Maitland McIlvain (1885–1963) (?–1962)
  • Lieutenant Emil Meinecke (1892–1975) (1894–1947) (?–1965) (1895–1995). He was born in Henry County, Iowa on July 12, 1895. He died on June 13, 1995 in Birmingham, Alabama. , possibly the father of Cord Meyer (1896–1972) (1884–1972). ♀ She was the fifth licensed woman pilot in the United States. (1894–1963) (1890–1968), aka Hank Miller. (?–?) (1887–1960) (?–1940) (?–1954) of Seattle, Washington. (1885–1971). He was born on March 19, 1885. (1878–1964). ♀ She was the second woman in the United States to get a pilot's license. [30][31] (1867–1944) (1893–1975) (1890–1943). He was born on 31 August 1890 in Milford, Connecticut. He died on 6 July 1943. (1885–1944) (1895–1970). He was born on 13 June 1894 in Seattle, Washington. He died on 24 May 1970 in Concord, California. (1889–1956) (1894–1938) (1865–1961)

N Edit

O Edit

P and Q Edit

    (?–1983) (?–?) (1886–1960) (1869–1955) (1885–1966) (?–1965) (?–1981) (1887–1946).First man to flight from Key West to Mariel, Cuba and set a world record in 1913. (1892–1968) (?–?) (1884–1957). He was born on March 10, 1884 in Milford, Ohio. He died on January 24, 1957. (1876–1951) (1889–?) Regarded as the first African American pilot. [32] (?–1969) (1888–1959) (1885–1968) (1894–1975) (?–1962) (1887–1973). He died on August 4, 1973 in Milton, Massachusetts.
    (1874–1952) Post was a classic American adventurer who distinguished himself as an automotive pioneer, balloonist, early aviator, writer, actor, musician and lecturer. He was the 13th man to fly in an airplane, coined the term "airport," conceived and organized the transatlantic air crossing that became the Lindbergh flight, and served a secretary to the Aero Club of America for more than 20 years. (1893–1973) (1891–1960) (1885–1980). [33] (1896–1954) (1887–1952) of France. He was born in France on September 22, 1887. He married Jeanne Catherine Françoise Mulaton (1881–1956) in Reims in 1921. He died in Neuilly-sur-Seine on November 27, 1952. (1888–1985) (?–1962) (1895–1932). He was born on July 18, 1895 in New York. (1888–1972) He was born in 1888. He died on August 24, 1972 at the Santa Monica Hospital in Santa Monica, California at the age of 80. (1893–1964) (?–1942) (1875–1912) ♀ first American female licensed pilot

R Edit

    (1887–1958)
  • Admiral DeWitt Clinton Ramsey (1888–1961). He was born in 1888. He died on September 7, 1961 at the Naval Hospital Philadelphia at age 72. [34] (1887–1948). He was born on March 15, 1887 in Frostburg, Maryland. (?–?) (1887–1967) (?–1941) (1887–1955) (1883–1967) (1883–1930). He was born in 1883 in Middletown, Orange County, New York. He died on Valentine's Day, February 14, 1930 in an automobile accident in Mt. Clemens, Michigan. [35][36] He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. (?–1951) (?–?) (1878–1960) (1896–1955) (1885–1949) (1881–1963) (1894–1977)
  • Colonel Robert Lockerbie Rockwell (1892–1958). He was born on March 18, 1892 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He died on January 24, 1958 in San Bernardino, California. (?–1969) (1880–1948) (1892–1974) (1878–1957) (1881–1972). He was born on August 24, 1881. He made his first flight November 5, 1909 in a monoplane of his own design. He died of a stroke on April 10, 1972.
  • Major General Ralph Royce (1890–1965) (?–?) of Brooklyn, New York City. (?–1961) ♀

S Edit

    (1893–1964) (1892–1970) of Mexico. (?–1945) of San Francisco, California.
  • Brigadier General Martin F. Scanlon (1889–1980). He was born on August 11, 1889. He died on January 26, 1980 at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. [37]
  • Lieutenant William G. Schauffer (?–1951) (1891–1970). He was born in New York City on April 21, 1891. He soloed a plane in August 1912 in Mineola, New York. He had a stroke in 1961. He died on July 19, 1970 in Cape May, New Jersey at the age of 79. (1886–1952)
  • Major Edward Graf Schultz (1898–1943). ✝ He was born in 1898 in New Jersey. He was killed in action on July 29, 1943 near Yangkai, China after returning from a bombing mission over Hong Kong. (1885–1970) ♀
  • Lieutenant Lyle H. Scott (1886–1930). ✝ He was killed in an aircrash. (1890–1968) (1882–1952) (1893–1973) (1882–1954) aka Lucky Bob Saint Henry. (1884–1964). He was born on December 3, 1884. (1891–1974) (1891–1968) (?–1965) (1894–1961) (1872–1956). He was born on August 22, 1872. He died on September 11, 1956. His archive is housed at the National Air and Space Museum. (?–1951) (1891–1950) (1881–1956). He was born in Bridgeton, New Jersey on January 8, 1881 to Clement Waters Shoemaker. He attended Princeton University. he died in 1956. (1889–1972) (?–1969) (1878–1948) (?–?) (1889–1960) ♀ (188–1986). He was born on April 8, 1888 in Chandlerville, Illinois (1887–1970) (1890–1977) ♀ (1884–1956) (1889–1963). First commercial flight in the world, Saint Petersburg, Florida (1894–1963)
  • Major General Ralph C. Smith (1893–1998) (1892–1951) was treasurer for Aire-Kraft (1870–1941) (1888–1989) (1891–1974)
  • Commander Earl Winfield Spencer Jr. (1888–1950) (1897–1995) (1892–1971) (1886–1982). [38][39] (?–1942) (1895–1955) (1884–1960) , possibly a descendant of John Batterson Stetson (1883–1948) (1893–1932) (1891–1977) ♀ (1895–1975) ♀ (1880–1962) (1874–1943) (1887–1936)
  • Lieutenant General George Edward Stratemeyer (1890–1969) (?–1961) (1888–1936) (1885–1944) [40] (1886–1966) (?–1969) (?–1969) (1894–1958) (1891–1981). He was born on October 25, 1891, in San Francisco, California. (1890–1947)

T Edit

    (1884–1976) [41] (1888–1971) (1893–1957)
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Thaw (1893–1934) (?–1965) (1888–1966) (1888–1949) (?–1984) (1896–1965) (1890–1966). He was born on September 4, 1890, in New York City, New York, He died in 1966. (1896–1977) (1893–1978) (1894–1929) (1892–1983)
  • Admiral John Henry Towers (1885–1955) was a United States Navy admiral and pioneer naval aviator. He made important contributions to the technical and organizational development of naval aviation from its very beginnings, eventually serving as Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics (1939–1942). He commanded carrier task forces during World War II, and retired in December 1947. He and Marc Mitscher were the only early Naval Aviation pioneers to survive the extreme hazards of early flight to remain with naval aviation throughout their careers. He was the first naval aviator to achieve flag rank and was the most senior advocate for naval aviation during a time when the Navy was dominated by battleship admirals. Towers spent his last years supporting aeronautical research and advising the aviation industry. (1886–1966) (1881–1964) (?–1961)

U Edit

V Edit

    (?–1948) (1893–1938) of Pennsylvania. He was the son of Margaret and Ezra Vandivort (1886–1972). He was born on December 16, 1886, to Tillinghast Mowry Vaughn and Adell P. Case. He died on March 9, 1972, in Columbus, Ohio (1883–1968) (1881–1955) of Fishkill-on-Hudson, New York, aviator who flew in the 1913 Great Lakes Reliability Cruise[43] (1891–1976), aka Jack Vilas (1894–1976). He was born on June 28, 1894, in Faribault, Minnesota. He resided in Tabb, Virginia, in 1945 when he worked for Newport News Shipbuilding.

W Edit

    (1884–1978) (1883–1964) (1888–1960) of the L. L. Walker Company (1870–1957) (1882–1990). He was born in 1882 in Mattapoisett, Massachusetts. He died on February 8, 1990, in Jupiter, Florida, at age 98. (1894–1976) (1894–1955) (1891–1980). He was born on May 14, 1891, in Haverhill, Massachusetts. He died on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1980, in Palm Beach, Florida. (1886–1963) of Duluth, Minnesota. (1889–1956) (1890–1964) (1899–1972). [44] aka Maximilian John Ludwick Weston (1872-1950). Pioneer African aviator. [45] (1894–1975). He was born on August 15, 1894. He died on June 20, 1975. (1890–1983). He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on November 19, 1890. Later his family moved to Dayton, Ohio where he attended the University of Dayton. He then worked in the sales department of National Cash Register. He died on March 27, 1983 in Palm Beach, Florida. (1896–1959). He was born on March 6, 1896 in Somerset, Ohio. He died on October 19, 1959 in Palo Alto, California He was buried at Golden Gate National Cemetery. (1894–1981) (1881–1943) (1896–1959) (?–1964) (?–?) (?–1979) (1879–1940) (1882–1956). sometimes spelled Francis Alexis Wildman. He was born on November 4, 1882 in New York. He died on August 13, 1956 in San Diego, California. (1883–1977). He was the first barnstormer, as well as the chief engineer for Glenn L. Martin and designed flying boats with Glenn Curtiss. (1890–1964). He was born in Skaneateles, New York on May 13, 1890. (?–1931) of Temple, Texas. (1890–1962) (1856–1939) (1875–1961) (1882–1929) (1884–1967). He was born on September 15, 1884. He died on July 8, 1967 at the Jersey Shore Medical Center in Neptune City, New Jersey. [46] (1887–1967) (1886–1950) (honorary member) (1887–1960). Roderick M. Wright was born March 24, 1887 to Lodena and James Marion Wright. He died on October 13, 1960. He was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery. (honorary member) (1889–1986) (?–1955) (1894–1992)

Y Edit

Z Edit

denotes a female aviator
denotes died in an aviation accident.


Between the wars

Brett was posted to Kelly Field, Texas, in December 1918, where he commanded the Aviation General Supply Depot until February 1919, when he became the maintenance and supply officer at the Air Service Flying School. He commanded the Air Service depot in Morrison, Virginia for a month in October 1919 before being assigned to the office of the Director of the Air Service in Washington, DC, where his rank of major became permanent in 1920. That year he took command of Crissy Field. His first son, the future United States Air Force Lieutenant General Devol "Rock" Brett, was born at nearby Letterman Army Hospital at the Presidio of San Francisco in 1923. [7]

From 1924 to 1927 Brett was stationed at the intermediate depot at Fairfield, Ohio, where he was the officer in charge of the field service section. Starting in June 1927 he attended the Air Corps Tactical School at Langley Field, Virginia, after which he was selected for the two-year Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. [8] He commanded Selfridge Field, Michigan for time before returned to Fort Leavenworth as an Air Corps instructor from 1933 to 1935. After 16 years as a major, he was finally promoted to lieutenant colonel and was selected to attend the Army War College. On graduation, he became commander of the 19th Wing, then stationed in the Panama Canal Zone, with the temporary rank of brigadier general. While he was stationed there, his eldest daughter Dora married his aide, the future general, Bernard A. Schriever. [9]

On his return from Panama, Brett reverted to his permanent rank of lieutenant colonel. He was briefly stationed in Menlo Park, California, before moving to Langley, Virginia, where he became chief of staff to his old friend Frank Andrews, now the commander of GHQ Air Force. In February 1939 Brett moved to Wright Field as assistant to the chief of the United States Army Air Corps, also serving as commandant of the Air Corps Engineering School and the chief of the Materiel Division. Once again he held the rank of brigadier general before being promoted to major general on 1 October 1940. [4] [10]


World War II Database


ww2dbase George Howard Brett was born in 1886 as the second of five children of librarian William Howard Brett and Alice Brett (née Allen). In 1902, Brett's older brother, Morgan Brett, entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, United States. When it came time for George Brett, his parents were not able to secure another recommendation to attend the elite military academy, thus Brett entered the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia, United States, graduating in 1909. Between 1910 and 1911, he served in the Philippine Islands. Returning to the US in May 1912, he served at Fort Bliss in Texas and Fort Ethan Allen in Vermont through 1916. In Sep 1916, he transferred to the Aviation Section of the US Army Signal Corps and served in the office of the Chief Signal Officer in Washington DC, United States. In Nov 1917, Captain Brett departed the US for Europe for participation in WW1. Appendicitis caused him to be removed from the list of eligible pilots, thus he remained in the rear as a logistics officer at the headquarters of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell in France. Between Aug and Sep 1918, he briefly served as the Director of Military Aeronautics of the US Army in Washington DC. When WW1 ended, he was the commanding officer of the US Army Air Service Camp at Codford, England, United Kingdom.

ww2dbase In the years after WW1, Brett successively served as the commanding officer of the Aviation General Supply Depot at Kelly Field in Texas, the maintenance and supply officer at the Air Service Flying School at Morrison in Virginia, and the Director of the Air Service in Washington DC. In 1920, he was promoted to the permanent rank of major. In late 1920, he was named the commanding officer of Crissy Field in San Francisco, California, United States. In 1923, his oldest son, Devol Brett, was born his oldest son would many years later join the US Air Force and achieve the rank of lieutenant general. Between 1924 and 1927, he was assigned to the intermediate depot at Fairfield, Ohio, United States. He attended the Air Corps Tactical School at Langley Field in Virginia in Jun 1927, followed by the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas, United States. After some time as the commanding officer of Selfridge Field in Michigan, United States, he returned to Fort Leavenworth as an air instructor in 1933. After completing courses at the Army War College, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant colonel and temporary rank of brigadier general, and was given command of the 19th Wing at the Panama Canal Zone. After serving as the chief of staff to General Frank Andrews at Langley, Virginia, he was transferred to Wright Field near Riverside, Ohio, United States to serve, simultaneously, as the assistant to the chief of the US Army Air Corps, the commandant of the Air Corps Engineering School, and the chief of the Materiel Division. In Nov 1939, he was named the acting Chief of the Air Corps, filling the position, on a temporary basis, that Henry Arnold vacated as Arnold joined the Army General Staff. In Oct 1940, he was promoted to the rank of major general. In May 1941, he was officially named the Chief of the Air Corps. Before the United States entered WW2, he was posted to the United Kingdom he recommended the establishment of American factories in Britain to repair and manufacture military aircraft, but this recommendation would be rejected by Arnold. In a subsequent visit to the Middle East, he voiced some opinions about the war situation that offended British Ambassador to Egypt Sir Miles Lampson, British Air Marshal Arthur Tedder, and others. He was recalled to the United States in Dec 1941.

ww2dbase As the United States entered WW2, Brett traveled to Rangoon in Burma and Chongqing in China to meet with British chief Archibald Wavell and Chinese President Chiang Kaishek. On 1 Jan 1942, he was named the Deputy Supreme Commander of the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA) six days later, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. One of his earlier tasks as the chief of the small US Army contingent in Australia was to dispatch aircraft to pick up Douglas MacArthur in the Philippine Islands, who had been ordered by US President Franklin Roosevelt to evacuate to Australia failing to secure the loan of new US Navy B-17 aircraft to accomplish this mission, he had no choice but to send several old and unreliable US Army B-17 bombers for the task, all of which suffered serious mechanical problems, infuriating MacArthur. In Apr 1941, he was named the chief of the Allied Air Forces, Southwest Pacific Area based in Melbourne. When given the order to launch B-17 bombers to attack Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands, Brett initially protested for this, he again was viewed negatively by MacArthur. By Jul 1942, MacArthur had grew tired of the constant disagreements, and secured the transfer of Major General George Kenney to this theater to replace Brett. He was awarded the Silver Star medal, personally by MacArthur, before departing Australia on 4 Aug 1942 aboard B-17 bomber "The Swoose". In Nov 1942, he received his next post as the head of both the US Caribbean Defense Command and the US Army's Panama Canal Department he would be in Panama Canal Zone for the remainder of the war. While at the US Caribbean Defense Command, Brett became involved in an investigation over the misuse of Army funding and property although Lieutenant General Daniel Sultan would find no fault on the part of Brett, Brett nevertheless requested voluntary retirement shortly after. He retired on 30 Apr 1945, but he was recalled back to service on the following day to his previous post.

ww2dbase Brett again retired from the US Army in May 1946. In 1948, by an Act of the United States Congress, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general while on the retired list. He served on several committees and boards related to the US Army and the newly established US Air Force. He passed away from cancer in 1963 and was buried in Winter Park, Florida, United States.

ww2dbase Source: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Dec 2012

George Brett Timeline

7 Feb 1886 George Brett was born in Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
22 Mar 1910 George Brett was commissioned a second lieutenant of the Philippine Scouts of the US Army.
10 Aug 1911 George Brett transferred from the Philippine Scouts to the 2nd Cavalry Regiment within the US Army.
1 Mar 1916 George Brett married Mary Devol, daughter of Major General Carroll Devol.
1 Jul 1916 George Brett was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant.
2 Sep 1916 George Brett transferred to the Aviation Section of the US Army Signal Corps.
15 May 1917 George Brett was promoted to the rank of captain.
7 Jun 1918 While in France, George Brett was promoted to the temporary rank of major.
1 Aug 1918 George Brett was attached to the Director of Military Aeronautics of the US Army in Washington DC, United States.
23 Sep 1918 George Brett stepped down as the Director of Military Aeronautics of the US Army in Washington DC, United States.
1 Aug 1923 Devol Brett, the oldest son of George Brett, was born at the Letterman Army Hospital at the Presidio, San Francisco, California, United States.
1 Oct 1940 George Brett was promoted to the rank of major general.
28 Dec 1941 George Brett arrived in Darwin, Australia.
1 Jan 1942 George Brett was named the Deputy Supreme Commander of the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA).
5 Jan 1942 George Brett was named the commanding officer of all US forces in Australia.
7 Jan 1942 George Brett was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant general.
23 Feb 1942 George Brett departed Java, Dutch East Indies for Australia.
24 Feb 1942 George Brett arrived in Melbourne, Australia and assumed command of US Army Forces in Australia.
11 Mar 1942 George Brett dispatched 4 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers, with skeleton crew, from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia to Batchelor Field near Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, via Daly Waters, Northern Territory these aircraft were meant to be used to evacuate Douglas MacArthur and his family and staff from the Philippine Islands.
20 Apr 1942 Major General George Brett assumed command of Allied air forces in Australia.
3 Aug 1942 George Brett was awarded the Silver Star medal by Douglas MacArthur in Australia.
4 Aug 1942 George Brett departed Australia for the United States aboard B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft "Swoose".
30 Apr 1945 George Brett retired from the US Army.
1 May 1945 George Brett was reactivated from the US Army retired list.
10 Oct 1945 George Brett stepped down as the chief of the US Caribbean Defense Command and the US Army's Panama Canal Department.
10 May 1946 George Brett retired from the US Army at the rank of major general.
29 Jun 1948 George Brett was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general while on the retired list.
2 Dec 1963 George Brett passed away at the hospital at Orlando Air Force Base in Orlando, Florida, United States.

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Notes

  1. ^"Honour for Gen. Brett"[[Evening Post (New Zealand)|]], Volume CXXXVI, Issue 9, 10 July 1943, Page 5, from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand.
  2. ^Cox 2006, p.م
  3. ^Cox 2006, p.ه
  4. ^ abcdefFogerty 1953
  5. ^Cox 2006, p.و
  6. ^ abCox 2006, pp.و–9
  7. ^Cox 2006, pp.ى–10
  8. ^Cox 2006, p.㺌
  9. ^Cox 2006, pp.㺑–18
  10. ^ abCox 2006, pp.㺓–20
  11. ^Cox 2006, pp.㺖–24
  12. ^Cox 2006, pp.㺜–29
  13. ^Cox 2006, pp.㺞–32
  14. ^Milner 1957, p.ى
  15. ^Brett 1947, pp.𧆋–140
  16. ^Milner 1957, pp.㺑–18
  17. ^Brett 1947, p.𧆌
  18. ^Brett 1947, p.㺚
  19. ^Cox 2006, p.㺺
  20. ^Milner 1957, pp.㺓–22
  21. ^Brett 1947, pp.𧆐–145
  22. ^Rogers 1990, pp.𧈔–277
  23. ^Cox 2006, pp.㺼–61
  24. ^Cox 2006, p.㻆
  25. ^Cox 2006, p.㻋
  26. ^ abCox 2006, pp.㻌–78
  27. ^ Parke, Sarah, The Swoose comes home to roost at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, National Museum of the United States Air Force , http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/news/story.asp?storyID=123106540 , retrieved 25 February 2009  
  28. ^Cox 2006, pp.㻎–79

Standard Batting

Standard Batting
Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards
197118KCR-minRk68297258447585544323238.291.369.419.788 108 223 BIL · PION
197219KCR-minA117498431661181351068235353.274.353.397.750 171 284 SJO · CALL
197320KCR-minAAA11746740566115164864324845.284.356.402.758 163 167 OMA · AA
197320KCRAL1341402520000005.125.125.175.300-187001005/H
197421KCR-minAAA167064917202141061.266.329.391.719 25 000 OMA · AA
197421KCRAL13348645749129215247852138.282.313.363.6769116690623*5/H6RoY-3
197522KCRAL159697634841953513119013104649.308.353.456.80912528982966*5/6MVP-11
1976 23KCRAL15970564594215341476721114936.333.377.462.83914429881284*5/6AS,MVP-2
1977 24KCRAL1396275641051763213228814125524.312.373.532.905142300122339*5/HD6AS,MVP-13
1978 25KCRAL128558510791504589622373935.294.342.467.80912423861356*5/6AS,MVP-19
1979 26KCRAL15470164511921242202310717105136.329.376.563.939148363801414*5/3DAS,MVP-3
1980 27KCRAL11751544987175339241181565822.390.454.6641.1182032981110716*5/H3AS,MVP-1,SS
1981 28KCRAL89379347421092776431462723.314.361.484.84614516871047*5/HAS,MVP-27
1982 29KCRAL1446295521011663292182617151.301.378.505.8841412791210514*57AS,MVP-20
1983 30KCRAL123525464901443822593015739.310.385.563.94715826191031353/97DHAS
1984 31KCRAL104422377421072131369023837.284.344.459.8021211731100765/HAS
1985 32KCRAL155665550108184385301129110349.335.436.5851.0221793221230931*5/HDAS,MVP-2,GG,SS
1986 33KCRAL124529441701282841673128045.290.401.481.881138212640418*5/DH6AS
1987 34KCRAL115508427711241822278637247.290.388.496.88413121210108143D5AS
1988 35KCRAL15768158990180423241031438251.306.389.509.8981493001530715*3D/6AS,MVP-12,SS
198936KCRAL1245284576712926312801445947.282.362.431.79312319718309143D/H7
199037KCRAL142607544821794571487925663.329.387.515.90215328018007143D/97H5MVP-7
199138KCRAL131572505771294021061205875.255.327.402.7291012032001810*D3/H
199239KCRAL15263859255169355761863569.285.330.397.727102235156046*D3/5H
199340KCRAL145612560691493131975753967.266.312.434.746942432030109*D/H
21 Yrs27071162510349158331546651373171596201971096908.305.369.487.85713550442353326120229
162 Game Avg.1626966199518940819961266654.305.369.487.8571353021422714
G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards

Army Evacuates Wounded Via Air, Guadalcanal 03/1943 + Henry Wallace Visits Panama

Naval Photographic Center film # 639. National Archives description: "1) MS interior: trans. plane, nurse inspects medicine.
2) S CU nurse with medicine.
3) GV MS men load stretcher cases into trans. plane.
4) S HS interior: plane, stretcher case comes aboard.
5) S CU nurse checks off wounded entering plane.
6) S CU in plane, nurse gives wounded water.
7) GV wounded in plane with nurse.
8) GV S CU nurse takes case history of wounded.
9) S CU 2nd LT Mae Olson. [jpg]
10) AV transport plane over mts. and water.
11) AV transport plane in flight, shoreline in BG (sv)
12) S CU nurse gives blood plasma to wounded man.
13) MS nurse placing pillow under head wounded man.good

Vice President Henry Wallace visits Panama
1) MS Wallace at regional fair with panamanians.
2) MS PAA plane lands David Airport.
3) MS S HS S Wallace leaves plane, greeted by Breet, Adm Van Hook for Min. O. Fabrega.
4) S HS S CU Wallace speaks before Soc. of Bolivar.
5) S HS Wallace receives Soc of Bolivar medal.
6) S HS Wallace places wreathe on statue of Bolivar.
7) S CU Wallace talks to Pres. R. A. de La Guardia.
8) S CU shakes hands Panamanian Off. drives off.
9) MS S CU shakes hands with Pres. de La Guardia, walks down steps.
10) S HS Wallace and officials walking.
S CU Wallace stands at Bolivar statue MS drives off."
National Archives Identifier: 75607


Watch the video: George Brett and the pine tar incident (May 2022).