Butte APA-68 - History

Butte APA-68 - History

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Butte is the name of counties in Idaho, California, and South Dakota.

(APA-68: dp. 4247; 1. 426'; b. 58'; dr. 16'; s. 16.9 k.;
cpl. 320; a. 1 5"; cl. Gilliam)

Butte (APA--68) was launched 20 July 1944 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Ltd., Wilmington, Calif., under a Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. Thomas W. Mearns; acquired 21 November 1944; and commissioned the next day, Commander J. A. Gillis, USNR, in command.

Butte got underway for Pearl Harbor 5 January 1945 loaded with troops. After embarking additional troops at Pearl Harbor she successively visited Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands; Saipan, Marianas Islands; Ulithi and
Palau, Caroline Islands; and Leyte, Philippine Islands. Between I and 14 April 1945 she provided logistic support during the assault and occupation of Okinawa.

Following this, Butte transported casualties to the rear bases, stopping at Saipan, Ulithi, the Palaus, and Leyte. Returning to Guam and Ulithi, more troops were embarked for passage to the Philippines. The ship then transported wounded veterans to San Francisco, arriving IS June. She weighed anchor 8 July and carried troops to Okinawa. After the cessation of hostilities Butte transported occupation and Chinese troops and liberated prisoners of war throughout the China-Korea area until November 1945' when she departed the Far East to return to the United States. Butte arrived in the United States 18 December 1945 and, after repairs, was ordered to Pearl Harbor 23 February 1946 for assignment to JTF 1. She served as a unit of the target group. for Operation Crossroads. She survived the atomic bomb tests and was retained for structural and radiation study at Kwajalein until 12 May 1948 when she was disposed of by sinking.

Butte received one battle star for her World War II service.


This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Kilauea Class Ammunition Ship
    Keel Laid July 21 1966 - Launched August 9 1967

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.


This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.

Welcome to the Butte Archives

Since 1981, the Archives has provided access to Butte's rich history and culture through our manuscript and photograph collections, enabling us to foster relationships with patrons worldwide.

Talking about history in Butte is like talking about food in France. There’s so much of it, and it’s all so good, it’s hard to choose.

The town grew on the side of The Hill and it was Butte all at once, out of the copper womb.

Butte people measure their wealth in the richness of their culture, their value as workers, their strength in family and friends – a valuable and lasting prosperity.

Silver Bow was rugged and harsh, but it had a certain unpremeditated beauty… Always you fought it with your heart … this raw American mining camp.

Now don’t forget, Lizzie, when you get to the new world, don’t stop in America. You go straight to Butte, Montana.

Butte was mercurial… The wicked, wealthy, hospitable, full-blooded little city welcomed me with wild enthusiasm of the most disorderly kind.

History of Crow Butte

The U.S. Corps of Engineers developed Crow Butte Park in the ‘70s as part of the McNary Dam project. The Corps then transferred the Park to Washington state to operate. The state managed the facility for several years but was unable to continue operations due to budget constraints. After an association of local farmers managed Crow Butte on a volunteer basis for 18 months to help save it, Port of Benton heard about the park’s uncertain future and offered to help. The Corps of Engineers leased Crow Butte to the Port in 2007.

Benton County and Klickitat County helped fund capital improvements at the park for the first three years, enabling several upgrades. In the years since, the Port has made further improvements and added amenities using grants, County and Port funds.

Port of Benton’s decision to invest in the park followed meetings with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Crow Butte Island is culturally significant to the local Tribes, leading to a ceremony on August 28, 2007, where the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation formally blessed the park.

Crow Butte is considered by local Tribes to be a traditional cultural property due to its use as a winter village, fishing area, and a place of other traditional practices from pre-contact to contemporary times.

Butte County, California

Butte County is a county located in the state of California. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 220,000. The county seat is Oroville. The county name is derived from the Marysville or Sutter Buttes, which lay within the boundaries when it was created. Butte County, the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty"was one of the original California counties, founded on February 18, 1850.

Etymology - Origin of Butte County Name

The county name is derived from the Marysville or Sutter Buttes, which lay within the boundaries when it was created. The word butte is derived from the Teutonic word meaning "a blunt extension or elevation." In the French language, it signifies "a small hill or mound of earth detached from any mountain range."


Butte County History

Butte County, the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty"was one of the original California counties, founded on February 18, 1850. Butte County was one of California's first counties, created at time of statehood. Part of the county's territory was given to Plumas County in 1854 and to Tehama County in 1856. Its name is derived from the Marysville or Sutter Buttes, which lay within the boundaries of the county when it was created. Butte County is the home of 210,500 people, living in the cities of Chico, Oroville, Gridley, Biggs, Paradise or other parts of the county.

The county is the home of California State University, Chico and of Butte College.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,677 square miles (4,344 km 2 ), of which, 1,639 square miles (4,246 km 2 ) of it is land and 38 square miles (97 km 2 ) of it (2.24%) is water.

Butte County comprises the Chico, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located in the California Central Valley, north of the state capital of Sacramento. Butte County is known as the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty."

Butte County is watered by the Feather River and the Sacramento River. Butte Creek and Big Chico Creek are additional perennial streams, both tributary to the Sacramento. The county is drained by the Feather River and Butte Creek. Part of the county's western border is formed by the Sacramento River. The county lies along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, the steep slopes making it prime territory for the siting of hydroelectric power plants. About a half dozen of these plants are located in the county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Plumas County
  • Southeast: Yuba County
  • South: Sutter County
  • Southwest: Colusa County
  • West: Glenn County
  • Northwest: Tehama County


Public schools

There are roughly 90 public schools in the county according to the National Center for Educational Statistics. The schools are operated by the County Office of Education and 15 school districts, which are:

  • Bangor Union Elementary School District
  • Biggs Unified School District
  • Chico Unified School District
  • Durham Unified School District
  • Feather Falls Union Elementary School District
  • Golden Feather Union Elementary School District
  • Gridley Unified School District
  • Manzanita Elementary School District
  • Oroville City Elementary School District
  • Oroville Union High School District
  • Palermo Union School District
  • Paradise Unified School District
  • Pioneer Union Elementary School District
  • Thermalito Union School District

Colleges and universities

Public libraries

Butte County Library provides library services to residents of the County through six branches in Biggs, Chico, Durham, Gridley, Oroville and Paradise. The mission of the Butte County Library is to provide all individuals, regardless of age, ethnic background, educational or economic level, with free access to ideas, information, and technology.

Frequently Asked Questions

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To save you some time, the downloaded file is already set up in APA or MLA format, depending on which citation style you used.

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The Scribbr Citation Generator currently supports the following citation styles, and we’re working hard on supporting more styles in the future.

Scribbr uses industry-standard citation styles from the Citation Styles Language project.

Chico State College was finding it difficult to meet the needs of a growing student population in Butte and Glenn Counties, and local students were commuting to Yuba College in Marysville.

Click on photos to enlarge


The Butte County Committee on School District Organization, and at least 50 members of various city and county Boards of Education, met in Oroville to discuss the addition of a junior college.

Approval & Founding

Voters approved the junior college measure on the Butte County ballot by a margin of 67.1 percent.

The founding members of the Butte Junior College District Board of Trustees were elected.

Click on photos to enlarge

Opening the Doors

“Butte College” was the name selected by the Board of Trustees for the new two year college.

A permanent campus site was selected at Pentz and Clark roads, located midway between Chico, Oroville, and Paradise. The Trustees purchased 403 acres at $300 per acre.

With the surprise resignation of Dr. Madson, Albert A. Schlueter was appointed as the second Superintendent/President with the task of opening the college within seven weeks.

On September 23, 1968, Butte College opened its doors as a temporary campus at the small site of the former Durham High School. Student enrollment on the first day reached 1,994 students more than double the 800-900 anticipated.

Four days after opening, the college played its first football game on Bechtel Field at Oroville High School against College of the Siskiyous.

Click on photos to enlarge

Permananent Location & Newspaper

In 1969, planning and development of the permanent campus was approved with enrollment not expected to exceed 5,000 students. Today, enrollment is over 12,000 students.

The first edition of the college newspaper, the Roadrunner, was published.

Click on photos to enlarge


In January 1972, construction of the 1.6 million gallon water tower, roads, utilities, and building pads marked the beginning of development at the permanent campus site.

On March 29, 1972, a community groundbreaking celebration was held at the permanent campus site. Butte College became a fully accredited California Community College by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

Construction began on the sewage treatment plant and several buildings, including physical science, life science, technology, agriculture, mechanics, library, auto shop, greenhouse, lath house, and horticulture lab.

Click on photos to enlarge

More Improvements & New Programs

Construction began on the business education building, playing fields, and gymnasium.

The first distance education courses were broadcast over Channel 9 from Redding.

Trustees designated the permanent campus a wildlife refuge with no hunting or fishing allowed.

Butte Criminal Justice Training Center was added to the college’s instruction program.

Expansion & New Sports

Trustees expanded the permanent campus with the purchase of 481 of the formerly leased acres at $300 per acre, bringing the total campus acreage to 884.

The Durham campus was closed and the “temporary” portable buildings were moved to the permanent campus. Enrollment was 4,143 students.

On September 7, 1974, the dedication and cornerstone ceremony of the permanent campus was attended by at least 1,000 individuals in 106 degree heat.

On September 23, 1974, the permanent Butte College campus opened its doors with an enrollment of 5,831 students.

Trustees voted to establish a women’s athletic program, including sports in field hockey, volleyball, basketball, and softball, with track & field, golf, and soccer added in later years. The women’s field hockey team won its first state championship just four years later in 1978.

Click on photos to enlarge

New Territory, Name, & More Construction

Glenn County, including the cities of Willows, Orland, and Hamilton City, was annexed to the District and several college courses at various county locations were offered.

Butte-Glenn Community College District became the official name.

Early Childhood Education was added to the college’s curriculum.

A weather monitoring station was established on campus.

Construction began on the Campus Center, designed to house the college bookstore, admissions and records, financial aid, student body offices, dining services, and more.

Click on photos to enlarge

Bigger Board, Athletic Achievements, & Paramedic Program

The District’s governing Board was enlarged from five to seven members, with the addition of two trustees from Glenn County representing the cities of Orland and Willows.

Men’s individual tennis won the first of a record five state championships, and the men’s basketball team succeeded in winning back to back state championships in 1975 and 1976.

Mobile Intensive Care Paramedic program was established and would eventually be offered as a two year degree paramedic program.

Click on photos to enlarge

Campus Expansion

Trustees approved the purchase of 44 more campus acres at a cost of $90,000, bringing the total acres owned by the District to 928.

First Student Trustee & Field Hockey Championship

Randy Meeker of Chico became the college’s first student trustee.

After the establishment of a women’s athletic program in 1974, the women’s field hockey team was successful in winning its first state championship just four years later in 1978.

Click on photos to enlarge

Superintendent Resigns

After 11 years as Butte College Superintendent/President, Albert Schlueter resigned and Jack Briggs, Assistant Superintendent/Vice President for Business, was appointed interim Superintendent/President.


During this decade, several campus facilities were dedicated to former Butte College Trustees for their outstanding service on the Governing Board.

In September 1980, the John B. Cowan Sports Complex was dedicated to founding Trustee John Cowan for his continued support of the college’s athletic programs. Mr. Cowan served on the Board from 1966-1985.

The Everett Brott Student Center, currently called the Campus Center, was dedicated to former Trustee Everett Brott in September 1989. Mr. Brott served on the Board from 1973-1989.

The Frederick S. Montgomery Library was named for founding Trustee Fred Montgomery at his final Board meeting in November 1983. Mr. Montgomery served on the Board from 1966-1983.

Click on photos to enlarge

New President, Dedication, & Technology

Dr. Wendell Lee Reeder was appointed Superintendent/President after Al Schlueter’s eleven year tenure.

The John B. Cowan Sports Complex was dedicated to founding Trustee John Cowan for his continued support of the college’s athletic programs.

Trustees approved the purchase of a computer system and software to assist with student registration and other administrative functions.

Fire, Consolidation, & a Championship

Fire Academy program became operational.

Seven academic divisions were reorganized into three.

Enrollment reached an all-time high of 12,683 students.

Men’s Track and Field team earned a state championship.

Click on photos to enlarge

Budget Cuts, Nursing, & Assessments

State budget cuts resulted in faculty and staff layoffs, with fewer classes offered for several years.

An associate degree in nursing was approved by the Trustees, and every student in the first graduating class became a registered nurse upon passing the state board examinations.

Assessment and placement testing became a component of the student entry process.

Basketball, Transferring, & Library Dedication

Women’s basketball team triumphed by winning the state championship.

High priority was given to courses transferable to four-year colleges, as well as vocational programs. CSU, Chico continues to be the popular transfer college for Butte College students.

The campus library was named for founding Trustee Frederick Montgomery at his final Board meeting in November.

Click on photos to enlarge

Registration feeds, Calendar changes, & another Championship

Budget cuts to community colleges came to an end, and the governor signed a bill imposing registration fees on students.

Trustees approved changing the school calendar from the quarter to semester system.

Men’s wrestling won a state championship.

Awards & Exemplary Service

Excellence Awards for service and teaching were initiated.

Board of Trustees honored John B. Cowan, the only founding Trustee remaining on the Board, for nearly 20 years of service to the college.

Drugs & Public Safety

Drug addiction counselor training program was initiated.

A joint effort between Butte College and the Butte County Fire Chief’s Association resulted in completion of the Public Safety Training Grounds.

20th Anniversary, GE Classes, Honors Program, BCTV, & a new Location

The college’s 20th year celebration commenced in September.

Students were able to choose from a full schedule of general education classes which were transferable to four-year colleges, and/or over fifty vocational programs.

Student Honors Program was approved by Trustees, requiring a 3.25 GPA.

Initial broadcast of Butte College Television (BCTV) aired, offering distance education courses.

Small Business Development Center established (SBDC).

The Glenn County Center in Willows moved to a larger location.

Foundation Charter & Criminal Justice

Butte College Foundation received charter.

Criminal Justice annex opened and was later renamed Public Services.

Sister College, Transfer Center, Construction Technology & Athletic Awards

Butte College became the sister college to Urawa College in Japan.

Transfer Center to assist those transferring to a four-year college opened.

Construction Technology program was initiated.

President’s Athletic Awards luncheon honoring athletes was initiated.

A New Decade Brings Many Changes

First computer-based learning lab opened in The Learning Center.

College Connection Secondary Partnership chartered (March).

CARLO Computer Assisted Learning Lab for disabled students identified as most innovative in state (April).

Superintendent/President Wendell Lee Reeder honored by President Bush for 40 years as an educator (April).

Superintendent/President Wendell Reeder retires after 10 years (June).

Betty M. Dean appointed fourth Superintendent/President and first woman President (July).

Chico Center opens on Cohasset Road in Chico (August).

First computer based learning lab opens in The Learning Center.

College Connection Secondary Partnership is chartered. High school seniors spend their senior year on the Butte College campus.

Scholarships, Grants, & the Century Club

First Foundation scholarship fundraising dinner dance.

First Foundation faculty/staff grants awarded.

Century Club established to benefit Butte College athletic programs.

Making it Official

Butte College Foundation is incorporated.

Hall of Fame, Graffiti Bowl, & New Channels

Former Butte College President Albert A. Schlueter inducted into CCC Hall of Fame.

Football team wins Modesto Graffiti Bowl championship.

Butte College Television Station (BCTV) adds two more channels. Live and interactive (two-way) distance education courses broadcast to the Chico and Willows California Centers.

Child Development

Child Development Center opens.

Program Achievements

Agriculture and Natural Resources Department named outstanding program for the Superior Region.

More Awards for Ag Programs

California Teachers Association awards the Agriculture and Natural Resources Departments as outstanding large program.

New Chico Site & Amphitheater Dedication

New Chico site opened at North Valley Plaza Mall

Amphitheater dedicated by CCC Chancellor Thomas Nussbaum

Career Training, Ag Awards, New Superintendent, & Online Classes

Career Training Center opened on Dominic Drive in Chico (August).

Agriculture and Natural Resources Department named outstanding program for the Superior Region.

Sandra Acebo selected as fifth Superintendent/President of Butte College.

College offers its first “on-line Internet” courses.

Outstanding Alumni

Butte College honored Robert Harp, Stan Thompson, and Ken Grossman as its outstanding alumni of the year.

A New Millenium

Outstanding alumni of the year were awarded to Bryan Hanson, Danny Meyer, Jerry Wimmer and Cynthia Sutherland.

Public Services

Plans outlined for new Allied Health and public Services Building - $20 million building funding from the 1998 state Proposition 1A. Building includes computer labs, fire science lab, hospital and home care simulators, mock courtroom, police training equipment, driving simulators, and classrooms.

Rogelio Castaneda and Captain Russell Fowler were named outstanding alumni of the year.

New Public Safety Building, Measure A, & Retirement

Allied Health Public Safety Center Building unveiled with a ribbon cutting

Measure A -- $85 million bond measure passes.

Four outstanding alumni of the year were honored: Robert Anderson, Leonard Estes, Candace Grubbs, and William Hunter.

Butte College Superintendent/President Sandy Acebo announces retirement.

Click on photos to enlarge

New Superintendent, Chico Center, Aaron Rodgers, & Oversite for Measure A

Dr. Diana Van Der Ploeg is selected as 6th Superintendent/President of Butte College

Groundbreaking held for Chico Center

Butte College football players Garrett Cross and Aaron Rodgers received full-ride scholarships to UC Berkeley.

Trustees of the Butte-Glenn Community College District appointed 10 members to the Measure A Citizens’ Oversight Committee.

Butte College Alumni of the Year: John Sutherland, Donald Hoff, John Jones, Ruth Jones, and Samantha Denny Gordon.

Click on photos to enlarge

Groundbreaking for New Projects & Updates to Buildings

Groundbreaking for the new Learning Resource Center at the main campus.

Butte College renovated the Physical Science and Life Science buildings.

New Emergency Vehicle Operations Course (EVOC) was constructed.

Construction begins on the Butte College Solar Project

Larry Allen, Cheryl Leeth, Doug LaMalfa and Pat Walsh honored as outstanding alumni of the year.

Completion of Chico Center, Fire Rescue Training Tower, & Technology Building Renovations

Fire Rescue TrainingTower ribbon cutting—only DSA-approved tower in the state.

New Emergency Vehicle Operations Course unveiled

Technology Building renovation complete

Butte College named four outstanding alumni of the year: J. Chimene Bateman, Maisie Jane Bertagna, David Hawkins and Elizabeth Kyle.

Enrollment Passes 20k, LRC is Completed, Library Updates, Honors Society & School Performance

Enrollment: 20,504 students

Learning Resource Center completed on time and within budget, $21.2 million

Library renovation and expansion begins

Butte College’s honors society ranks 6th in the world and commended in the national USA Weekend magazine for their “Make a Difference Day” event

Butte College’s performance was reviewed by the state’s Accountably Report for the Community Colleges. The college exceeded state averages in student progress and achievement, credit vocational courses, and basic skills.

Library Completion, 40th Anniversary, Fish & Game, SAS Building, Training Programs, & Small Business Development

Library renovation and expansion completed and named Media Center

Butte College Celebrated its 40th Anniversary

Butte College partnered with the Department of Fish and Game to start a new fish and game warden academy on the main campus.

Construction begins on the three-story $23.5 million Student and Administrative Services building

The Training Place delivered professional development training classes and designed custom training programs for 5,395 participants with 140 local businesses and county partners, a California government agency and a new global financial provider.

Butte College Small Business Development Center provided business consulting and training to 1,525 business owners and potential entrepreneurs resulting in increased sales of $6.7 million a net profit of $800,000, 127 new jobs 22 new business start-ups and 21 loans approved totaling $2.5 million.

Veterans Resources, Honor Society, Humboldt Fire, Sustainability, Chinese Students, Soccer, Football, Groundbreaking & a Championship.

The College opens its Student Veterans Resource Center

Butte College’s honor society Phi Theta Kappa ranks 4th in the world out of over 1,200 chapters internationally

The college served as the staging area for the Humboldt Fire. Over 528 acres burned on the 928 acre wildlife refuge.

Associated Students opened the campus Sustainability Resource Center

Butte College President Diana Van Der Ploeg signed a historic agreement with China to allow Chinese students to attend Butte College. This was the first agreement between the Chinese agencies and a community college in the United States

Butte College offers a men’s soccer program

Ground breakings held for Student and Administrative Services and Arts Buildings

Student Food Pantry offered

Butte College Football team wins state championship

John J. Cassidy, Norm B. Nielsen, Steve Olmos and Susan Webber-Brown honored as outstanding alumni of the year.

ARTS, Campus Center Remodel, SAS Building Unveiled, Skyway Center, & Sustainability Leadership

ARTS building opens at main campus

Campus Center remodel begins

Student and Administrative Services Building unveiled

Butte College purchases building in Chico and plans to remodel the new center, known as the Skyway Center

Butte College wins National Campus Sustainability Leadership Award from the Association of the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education

Four outstanding alumni of the year were honored: Daryl Bender, Julia Sabin, James Broshears, and Kyle Lohse.

President Retires & The Campus Gets Remodeled

Butte College President, Dr. Diana Van Der Ploeg, announces retirement

Remodeling of the Campus Center finished

Small main campus renovation and landscaping projects completed

Four outstanding alumni of the year honored:– Jim Culp, David Mobilio, Perry Reniff, and Aaron Rodgers

Click on photos to enlarge

New Superintendent, Renovation, & Making History.

Butte College Trustees appoint Dr. Kimberly Perry as its 7th Superintendent/President

Butte College begins renovation of the Skyway Center

Butte College, makes history as first college in the U.S. to go ‘grid-positive,’ producing more than 100% of the electricity it uses from its on-site solar arrays.

Outstanding alumni of the year included Assemblyman Bill Berryhill and David Lundberg.

Click on photos to enlarge

Skyway Center Opens, Butte Receives Sustainability Reward, & MESA team wins!

Butte College opens Skyway Center at 2480 Notre Dame Blvd. In Chico

California Community Colleges Board of Governors awards Butte College with its Energy and Sustainability Award

Butte College MESA team wins 8th annual national sustainable design expo P3 award

Three Butte College outstanding alumni of the year included: Melinda Kennemer of Chico, Zachary Smith of Roseville, and Dr. Joseph Wujek of Walla Walla, Washington.

Technology Grants Awarded

The Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office awarded three system-wide technology grants to the CCC Technology Center at Butte College.

Outstanding alumni selected this year include Kelly Candaele, Teri Dougherty, Stephen Gonsalves, and Larry Jones.

Click on photos to enlarge

Green Power on Campus, Helping Students Stay in School, & Gain Employment

Butte College ranks 25th in the nation on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Top 30 On-site Generation of the largest green power users.

Butte College and the Butte-Glenn Career Pathways Consortium (BGCPC) have been awarded a $5.8 million competitive grant by the California Department of Education to help students stay in school and gain employment in high-demand fields

Butte College selects two outstanding alumni of the year: Mary Mooney, and John E. McAmis

Click on photos to enlarge

President Resigns, Accreditation Reaffirmed, & Welding Program Receives Award

Butte College Superintendent/President, Dr. Kimberly Perry resigns to accept another presidency

Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) reaffirmed Butte College's accreditation

Welding program honored with National Excellence in Action Award

Butte College names its two outstanding alumni of the year: Alex DuBose and Jerry Smith

Click on photos to enlarge

New Superintendent, VP of Learning & Economic Development, & Measure J Passes

Butte College names Dr. Samia Yaqub as its 8th Superintendent/President.

Virginia Guleff appointed as Vice President for Learning and Economic Development.

Board of Trustees vote to place local bond Measure J on ballot.

Measure J, Butte College's $190 million bond measure, passes in Butte and Glenn Counties

Arnoldo Avalos and Kory Honea are named outstanding alumni of the year.

Click on photos to enlarge

New Butte College Trustees & Measure J CommitteE Appointed

Two new Butte College trustees were appointed: John Dahlmeier, representing Oroville, and John Blacklock, representing Paradise/Magalia areas.

Berton Bertagna and Nate Parks were named outstanding alumni of the year.

Measure J Oversight Committee appointed to help with Measure J bond measure.

Butte College celebrates its 50th anniversary

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Butte APA-68 - History

The BCHS Museum is now open on Fridays 9:00 to 12:00 and Saturdays 11:00 to 3:00. See the latest Slickens for more information. See the About Us section under Membership for previous editions of the Slickens.

Up Coming Events for 2021

Want to join or renew your membership online? See the membership tab and pay with PayPal.

Featured Publication

Visit the BCHS online bookstore for more information.

California's Contribution to the Olive Industry

Headquartered in Historic Oroville, California’s Northernmost Gold Rush Capital

In 2021, the Butte County Historical Society will be expanding our online presence. Our inhouse archives have grown considerably since 1956. We will be adding interesting historical presentations and developing our online research capabilities. The History tab has interesting bits of history for your enjoyment. On the Researchers tab, we will present excerpts from the archives online, photos, documents, maps, newspaper articles and some family histories. Although impossible to place all the material in our archives online, over time we will continue to grow the researchers offerings. We have a dedicated staff to help you with your research, both inhouse and online. We are adding a Bookstore to our webpage where you can purchase various information on local history online. We hope these new changes will help the community appreciate our magnificent history and those researching their family’s history to better understand where their ancestors lived. If you are in our area, Butte County, California, stop by one of our five facilities. The BCHS Museum offers a lot to see and has a vast collection of books for sale. The Archives, adjacent the Museum, has a vast collection of photos, documents, maps and other interesting information to help the researcher. The Ehmann Home, Bangor Church and Oregon City School are a delightful step back in time. Click the individual photos on the main page for more information and history on all our sites. We hope you enjoy our new look and please check back as we add additional information. Your Butte County Historical Society staff, Oct 2020

Butte, Montana

Hennessy Building - Butte Montana

Butte Details

Elevation: 5,545 Feet ( 1,690 meters)

Current Population: 33,892

Peak Population: 100,000 1910

Primary Mineral: Copper

Butte History

Settled in the 1860’s as a gold placer camp, Butte was stagnant by the 1870’s as the placers ran out. Silver mining brought the district back to life in the late 1870’s, but it was the high copper content of the ores that determined Butte’s future.

By 1882, Butte had become a major copper producer just as electrification was beginning to sweep the nation. By 1896, the Butte mines were producing over 25% of the world’s copper and employing over 8,000 men. At it’s peak in 1910, Butte had a population of over 100,000.

Convertors, Butte & Boston Smelters

Butte is the largest and most historically significant mining town in North America. A historical marker in Butte gives a good overview of the amazing history of the area:

Richest Hill on Earth
Long known as the "Richest Hill on Earth" Butte produced more mineral wealth than any other mining district in the world up to the middle of the 20th century. To date over 48 billion dollars of wealth has been unearthed from this hill.

This extraordinary phenomenon emerged at the height of the industrial revolution when the mining hill became the most concentrated area of industrial machines on Earth. The colossal machines spawned the most influential labor market anywhere, the most ethnically diverse population in the country, the largest red light district in the American West, nine railroads, the largest network of underground workings per square mile in the world (over 10,000 miles of tunneling), more wealth per citizen than any other comparable place up to that time, and a titanic struggle for the hill's riches by both entrepreneurs and laborers.

But over a century of mining left a legacy of exposed toxic mine waste and polluted water. Thus here at the headwaters of the Columbia River and in the most biologically diverse area of North America, Butte became the site of the nation's largest environmental cleanup. Explore more of the largest historic district in the American West both around town and on this site.

A Description of Butte as it was in 1895

The following is from the 1895 publication “The Great Dynamite Explosions at Butte, Montana: January 15, 1895”. The publication had an introduction to the city of Butte that gave a lot of good insight into how life was in the city during the 1890s.

Just west of the main range of the Rockies, perched on a mountain side, a mile above sea level, is a city, unique not alone for situation, but in a dozen other ways. It is known on the maps as Butte City. In the region round about, it is commonly styled the Greatest Mining Camp on Earth, sometimes called "The Camp' for the sake of brevity. Here are gathered representatives of almost every nation and tongue under heaven. There is probably not a spot on the continent where so cosmopolitan a crowd of humanity jostles and elbows its way along, as that to be found on the main streets of this city between 5 and 6 o'clock in the afternoon, every day in the year.

East Broadway Street 1896 - Butte, Montana

The secret of this is to be found in the great number of men who find employment in the mines of gold and copper and silver, and the exceptionally high scale of wages maintained by the labor organizations, which in this community, are held in a degree of respect that is probably elsewhere unsurpassed.

Although the city has a valuation of $20,000,000, making it the wealthiest city in the world for its population, there is yet imbedded beneath it such quantities of valuable ores as would build another city of equal value, and still some to spare. A lecturer from the East, making a tour of the important cities of the country, recently said: “Butte is the first place I have found where nothing is said about hard times." In the spring of 1892, when the financial crash came, and silver dropped to prices unheard of before, Butte held her own in a most surprising way.

Bank failures in other places were of daily occurrence. Not one of the six or more in this city but kept its doors open, and business went on as usual. Drummers are wont to say, "There is more business in Butte than in any other city I've struck."

A stranger stopping at "The Camp" would at first glance find little that is attractive in its appearance but investigation would reveal that here can be found most, if not all, of the comforts and conveniences-yes, and the luxuries-of the large Eastern cities, though far removed from all of them. So enterprising are her merchants all they need to know is what the people want and it is soon supplied.

Here are to be found large jewelry establishments containing complete assortments of the latest and most beautiful creations of the silversmith. Dry goods stores, whose show windows and shelves display not only the necessaries and substantials in their line of business, but the most beautiful and costly fabrics from the weaver's loom dainty laces and ribbons, fans and gloves, and all the bewitching accessories so dear to the feminine heart. Apropos of this, the large number of beautiful and well-dressed women one meets is a constant pleasure and surprise.

There is a decided appreciation here of the beautiful—the artistic side of life and to minister to this quality are to be found art stores containing pictures, bric-a-brac of all kinds, beautiful china and cut glass. Then, to round out the circle of things that go to make up the adornment of a home, are the carpet and furniture stores, each supplied with the latest and best in their line.

Mrs. Rorer, the world-famous teacher of cookery, who spent some weeks in Butte, pronounces the markets of the best. The grocers are not a whit behind the other merchants in enterprise. The meat and vegetable markets display to buyers all the quality and variety to be found anywhere. The fruit stands are especially attractive. From California come oranges, a great variety of delicious grapes, plums, apricots, peaches and pears. Strawberries of exquisite flavor come from Hood River, Oregon, and cherries as well, large and luscious, and sound all through. One wants no prettier picture than the rows of fruit stands on Park street of a summer morning. Montana itself, though but recently developing the industry, is coming to the front with unexcelled agricultural products.

Gas and electricity, the two rivals of darkness, dispel the latter from streets and houses. Unlike Chicago, no horse cars are to be seen, cable and electric lines supplying the demand for rapid transit. The people are supplied with cold, clear water from mountains fourteen miles away. A large reservoir of modern construction is the storehouse from which the supply is drawn, while it, in turn, is largely supplied from snow in the canyons said to be three hundred feet deep.

Butte's citizens are abreast of the times in much that goes to make up the higher side of life. Here we find in great numbers graduates of the best colleges of America and Europe. There are numerous literary societies whose members are awake to the subjects that interest the world at large, and who have access to the best thought of all the ages, through the largest Public Library within a radius of nearly a thousand miles, which is at once the pride of its people and the admiration of visitors, and which issues 100,000 books a year. In line with this, the book and stationery stores do a thriving business. There are excellent public schools, whose equipment, including that of the High School, ranks better than that of many older cities and whose registration of pupils is rarely equalled in cities of the size of Butte.

The city also supports three daily and several weekly papers of a high standard of literary and mechanical workmanship. Promptly supplied with full telegraphic reports of events occurring in all parts of the world, yet true to local interests. The contents of all, while carefully accurate, are marked by bold originality and superior method of presentation. The Butte Miner and Anaconda Standard, which appear every morning, the Inter Mountain six evenings in the week, and the Butte Bystander, the Populist Tribune, the Montana Mining & Market Reporter, and the Railway Review, issued weekly, satisfactorily supply the wants of as intelligent and exacting a public as can be found in the country.

There are churches of all denominations and the Salvation Army ministers to a class that the churches do not reach. Butte's people are devoted to music, and many fine musicians are to be found among them. There are several good bands, one of which is composed entirely of men employed in one of the mines. The best composers are given a prominent place in their selections, and the music is exceptionally well rendered.

Athletic sports receive a goodly share of attention through the Pastime Club and similar organizations, not forgetting a Physical Culture Club composed of ladies. The ubiquitous bicycle has many devotees. A large skating rink, lighted by electricity, furnishes another avenue for those who like out-door exercise. A pretty opera house is an additional feature. Guests in the city find unexcelled accommodations at the hotels, where the dining room service is especially good. Time was when such accommodations were not to be found, but that day is past.

It is very evident that all these things have been made possible by the vast quantities of gold, copper and silver ore taken from the mines in the last twenty years, representing an annual product valued at from twenty-five to forty million dollars.

History of Butte, Montana

Before beginning to touch upon what Butte is today, it is necessary to provide a quick history of Butte. Without understanding the basic history of Butte, it makes it much more difficult to understand what the city is today.

Butte began as nothing more than a bunch of mining camps back in the early 1870&rsquos. Then, silver and copper was discovered. This discovery brought in a flood of new companies and people to Butte. By the late 1870&rsquos, a large and bustling city center had emerged &ndash and was growing larger literally by the day. Then, as fate would have it, a fire in 1879 burned down the entire central business district. Following this disaster, the Butte city council passed a law that required all new buildings downtown (known as "Uptown Butte") to be built from brick or stone &ndash most of which still stand today and what help make Butte such a historic and unique city.

While silver and gold were actively mined in Butte, it was copper that truly put Butte on the map. Following the development of electricity, the demand for copper mushroomed. The demand for copper continued to increase &ndash and really spiked during World War I, where copper was used in every single rifle bullet (much of which came from Butte). Indeed, it is estimated that Butte supplied around 1/3 of the copper for the United States in the late 1800&rsquos and the early part of the 1900&rsquos.

The World War I era was truly the boom time for Butte &ndash as demand soared for its minerals. Indeed, the city of Butte claims in one of their signs that right after World War I, Butte was the most prosperous town in the whole United States!

Mining Rig in Butte
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Not to miss out on all this prosperity, big business started getting heavily involved. Standard Oil Company, though the purchase of numerous mines and smelters, formed a conglomerate called the Amalgmated Copper Mining Company in 1899, which soon became the Anaconda Mining Company. Perhaps not coincidentally, following the emergence of this large company, many problems in the form of management-labor disputes started happening. Numerous strikes on behalf of Labor and strike-breaker actions on the part of the companies began to commonly play out. These confrontations between labor and management even led to the shooting death of several miners by the hired security of the mines.

The Anaconda Mining Company got so big, in fact, that by the late 1920&rsquos it was the fourth largest company in the world &ndash and by far the largest company in Montana. It owned virtually every mine &ldquoon the hill&rdquo in Butte (the &ldquohill&rdquo is the hill above and around Butte that contained all the minerals and where most active mining was done).

During the 1930&rsquos and 40&rsquos, Butte continued to pour out tons of copper every day, although the Great Depression of the 1930&rsquos led to less demand for the minerals a resulting decline in population.

It was the 1950&rsquos, though, that really began to change things for Butte. The Anaconda Mining Company, to reduce the costs involved in the labor-intensive nature of underground mining, started to conduct open strip mining. Thus, instead of tunneling down for the copper, entire hillsides were simply removed. The legacy of this is completely obvious today, too, in the form of the Berkeley Pit and other nearby strip mines (some of which are still active strip mines today). The other legacy of this strip mining is that two towns and countless homes that were once located &ldquoon the hill&rdquo were completely destroyed.

Throughout the remainder of the 1900&rsquos, mining was still conducted in Butte, with the large strip mine &ndash the Berkley Pit &ndash shut down to active mining operations in 1982. However, fewer and fewer people worked in the industry, leading to a steady loss of both businesses and people from Butte.

Further adding injury to a loss of population, the environmental disaster that Butte was finally became noticed. The Superfund Act declared the area around Butte, including the Berkeley Pitt, as a Superfund Site &ndash the largest in the United States. The reason for the Superfund designation was because all the heavy metals lying around on the surface of the ground leached toxic metals into the nearby rivers and into the water table. Before action was taken to clean this up, it was common for the Clark Fork River (which begins just to the west of Butte) to literally run red during heavy rains.

The Anaconda Mining Company in 1977 merged into the Arco Company. ARCO then ceased all mining operations in Butte in 1983 (although they still ended up paying for the Superfund Cleanup that followed). Strip mining operations resumed in 1983 when Montana Resources started active strip mining in adjacent areas near the Berkeley Pit).

Watch the video: Geschichte (June 2022).


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